he case of a 6-year-old gelding Shetland pony in a cachectic state with progressive apathy, diarrhea, and difficulties in feed prehension, and a slow rate of ingestion is discussed. The pony showed small hyperemic areas on the buccal mucosa, signs of gastritis, a decrease in the plasma total protein, anemia, and depressive attitude. The pony lived in a small dirt paddock in a semihumid zone where it was evident that many pokeweed (Phytolacca americana l.) plants had been eaten. Based on the pony's history, its clinical signs, and the results of laboratory investigations, a presumptive diagnosis of pokeweed poisoning was made. The pony's recovery was slow, and only after a 5-months period, the pony did start to exhibit normal appetite, regular food consumption, and more active behavior. Cases of pokeweed poisoning could become more common as recent changes in environmental conditions favor the growth of this plant and its dispersal by frugivorous birds. No specific therapy is currently available for pokeweed poisoning in horses; thus, supportive therapies are recommended. Eliminating the source of intoxication is crucial for recovery because pokeweed poisoning can be fatal.

Document Suspected Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana l.) Poisoning as the Cause of Progressive Cachexia in a Shetland Pony

VALLE, EMANUELA;VERGNANO, DIANA;NEBBIA, Carlo
2016-01-01

Abstract

he case of a 6-year-old gelding Shetland pony in a cachectic state with progressive apathy, diarrhea, and difficulties in feed prehension, and a slow rate of ingestion is discussed. The pony showed small hyperemic areas on the buccal mucosa, signs of gastritis, a decrease in the plasma total protein, anemia, and depressive attitude. The pony lived in a small dirt paddock in a semihumid zone where it was evident that many pokeweed (Phytolacca americana l.) plants had been eaten. Based on the pony's history, its clinical signs, and the results of laboratory investigations, a presumptive diagnosis of pokeweed poisoning was made. The pony's recovery was slow, and only after a 5-months period, the pony did start to exhibit normal appetite, regular food consumption, and more active behavior. Cases of pokeweed poisoning could become more common as recent changes in environmental conditions favor the growth of this plant and its dispersal by frugivorous birds. No specific therapy is currently available for pokeweed poisoning in horses; thus, supportive therapies are recommended. Eliminating the source of intoxication is crucial for recovery because pokeweed poisoning can be fatal.
82
87
Cachexia, Diarrhea, Poisoning, Pokeweed, Pony
Valle, E; Vergnano, D; Nebbia, C
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Phytolacca_Pony_rev_editorcorretto spedito_Eureka Revisione_271115 valle (2).docx

Open Access dal 02/02/2018

Tipo di file: POSTPRINT (VERSIONE FINALE DELL’AUTORE)
Dimensione 54.21 kB
Formato Microsoft Word XML
54.21 kB Microsoft Word XML Visualizza/Apri
Valle et al., Pony cachexia.pdf

Accesso riservato

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 790.34 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
790.34 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1602947
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact