Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) are currently under intense toxicological investigation due to concern on their potential health effects. Current in vitro and in vivo data indicate that MWCNT exposure is strongly associated with lung toxicity (inflammation, fibrosis, granuloma, cancer and airway injury) and their effects might be comparable to asbestos-induced carcinogenesis. Although fibrosis is a multi-origin disease, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is recently recognized as an important pathway in cell transformation. It is known that MWCNT exposure induces EMT through the activation of the TGF-β/Smad signalling pathway thus promoting pulmonary fibrosis, but the molecular mechanisms involved are not fully understood. In the present work we propose a new mechanism involving a TGF-β-mediated signalling pathway.

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes directly induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition in human bronchial epithelial cells via the TGF-β-mediated Akt/GSK-3β/SNAIL-1 signalling pathway

POLIMENI, Manuela;GULINO, GIULIA ROSSANA;GAZZANO, Elena;KOPECKA, JOANNA;MARUCCO, ARIANNA MARIA;FENOGLIO, Ivana;CESANO, Federico;GHIGO, Dario Antonio;ALDIERI, Elisabetta
2016

Abstract

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) are currently under intense toxicological investigation due to concern on their potential health effects. Current in vitro and in vivo data indicate that MWCNT exposure is strongly associated with lung toxicity (inflammation, fibrosis, granuloma, cancer and airway injury) and their effects might be comparable to asbestos-induced carcinogenesis. Although fibrosis is a multi-origin disease, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is recently recognized as an important pathway in cell transformation. It is known that MWCNT exposure induces EMT through the activation of the TGF-β/Smad signalling pathway thus promoting pulmonary fibrosis, but the molecular mechanisms involved are not fully understood. In the present work we propose a new mechanism involving a TGF-β-mediated signalling pathway.
PARTICLE AND FIBRE TOXICOLOGY
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Carbon nanotubes hazard; Epithelial cells; Epithelial-mesenchymal transition; Fibrogenic potential; Lung fibrosis; SNAIL-1 signalling pathway; TGF-β
Polimeni, Manuela; Gulino, Giulia Rossana; Gazzano, Elena; Kopecka, Joanna; Marucco, Arianna; Fenoglio, Ivana; Cesano, Federico; Campagnolo, Luisa; Magrini, Andrea; Pietroiusti, Antonio; Ghigo, Dario; Aldieri, Elisabetta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1608532
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