Haemoparasites and their e ects on hooded crows (Corvus corone cornix) are poorly studied. The aims are to evaluate the prevalence of Haemoproteus spp./Plasmodium spp. or Leucocytozoon spp., to correlate this with gross and histopathological ndings, and to investigate the association among infection and geographical origin, age, gender, parasite distribution and prevalence among organs. Hooded crows (n = 47) were collected within a regional culling programme from 3 districts in the province of Turin (Italy) and subjected to necropsy. Histological and molecular analyses were carried out on some tissues. Leucocytozoon spp. was detected in 46 crows (97.9%) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), whereas 28 birds (59.6%) were found to be positive for Haemoproteus spp./Plasmodium spp. The distribution of parasites in several organs varied signi cantly, showing that Leucocytozoon spp. is ubiquitous in organs in contrast with Haemoproteus spp./Plasmodium spp., which have a speci c predilection for spleen and lungs. The prevalence of Haemoproteus spp./Plasmodium spp. also di ered signi cantly among the crows captured in the areas of the study. The high prevalence of haemoparasites emphasizes the success of ornithophilic vectors and the susceptibility of this species to infection. Di erences in prevalence among the sites are probably due to orographic features of the areas, variations in vector species and density, or to crow population size or structure. In spite of the high infection rate, no gross and histological lesions were found. This nding further suggests an evolutionary adaptation between crows and avian blood parasites.

Blood parasites in hooded crows (Corvus corone cornix) in Northwest Italy

SCAGLIONE, Frine Eleonora;CANNIZZO, Francesca Tiziana;PREGEL, Paola;BOLLO, Enrico
2016

Abstract

Haemoparasites and their e ects on hooded crows (Corvus corone cornix) are poorly studied. The aims are to evaluate the prevalence of Haemoproteus spp./Plasmodium spp. or Leucocytozoon spp., to correlate this with gross and histopathological ndings, and to investigate the association among infection and geographical origin, age, gender, parasite distribution and prevalence among organs. Hooded crows (n = 47) were collected within a regional culling programme from 3 districts in the province of Turin (Italy) and subjected to necropsy. Histological and molecular analyses were carried out on some tissues. Leucocytozoon spp. was detected in 46 crows (97.9%) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), whereas 28 birds (59.6%) were found to be positive for Haemoproteus spp./Plasmodium spp. The distribution of parasites in several organs varied signi cantly, showing that Leucocytozoon spp. is ubiquitous in organs in contrast with Haemoproteus spp./Plasmodium spp., which have a speci c predilection for spleen and lungs. The prevalence of Haemoproteus spp./Plasmodium spp. also di ered signi cantly among the crows captured in the areas of the study. The high prevalence of haemoparasites emphasizes the success of ornithophilic vectors and the susceptibility of this species to infection. Di erences in prevalence among the sites are probably due to orographic features of the areas, variations in vector species and density, or to crow population size or structure. In spite of the high infection rate, no gross and histological lesions were found. This nding further suggests an evolutionary adaptation between crows and avian blood parasites.
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http://www.izs.it/vet_italiana/2016/52_2/VetIt_110_307_2.pdf
Corvus corone cornix; Haemoparasites; Haemoproteus spp.; Hooded crow; Leucocytozoon spp.; Plasmodium spp; Veterinary (all)
Scaglione, Frine Eleonora; Cannizzo, Francesca Tiziana; Pregel, Paola; Pérez-Rodríguez, Antón David; Bollo, Enrico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1611737
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