BACKGROUND Short QT syndrome(SQTS) isa congenital ion channel disease characterized by an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. Little is known about the possibility that accelerated repolarization alters mechanical function in SQTS. OBJECTIVES The study investigated the presence of left ventric- ular dysfunction and mechanical dispersion, assessed by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), and their correlation with QT interval duration and genetics. METHODS Fifteen SQTS patients (7 with HERG and 3 with KCNQ1 mutation) were studied. Electrocardiographic and echocardio- graphic parameters were compared with age- and sex-matched healthy controls. RESULTS When compared to the control group, SQTS patients showed reduced left ventricular contraction (global longitudinal strain: 16.0% 3.4% vs 22.6% 1.7%, P 0.001; myocardial performance index 0.59 0.17 vs 0.34 0.08, P o .001) and a higher incidence of ejection fraction o55% (odds ratio 11, 95% confidence interval 1.045–374, P 1⁄4 .04). Mechanical dispersion assessed by TDI (P 0.01) and STE (P 0.001) was higher in the SQTS group than in controls; each parameter showed a significant inverse correlation with QT interval but not with QT dispersion. CONCLUSION This study showed that in SQTS systolic function may also be affected. SQTS patients presented a significant dispersion of myocardial contraction. TDI and STE could become part of the evaluation of this rare disease.

New echocardiographic insights in short QT syndrome: More than a channelopathy?

GIUSTETTO, Carla;CAPRIOLO, MICHELE;SCROCCO, Chiara;FORNENGO, Cristina;BENEDETTO, SARA;PIDELLO, Stefano;MORELLO, Mara;GAITA, Fiorenzo
2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND Short QT syndrome(SQTS) isa congenital ion channel disease characterized by an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. Little is known about the possibility that accelerated repolarization alters mechanical function in SQTS. OBJECTIVES The study investigated the presence of left ventric- ular dysfunction and mechanical dispersion, assessed by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), and their correlation with QT interval duration and genetics. METHODS Fifteen SQTS patients (7 with HERG and 3 with KCNQ1 mutation) were studied. Electrocardiographic and echocardio- graphic parameters were compared with age- and sex-matched healthy controls. RESULTS When compared to the control group, SQTS patients showed reduced left ventricular contraction (global longitudinal strain: 16.0% 3.4% vs 22.6% 1.7%, P 0.001; myocardial performance index 0.59 0.17 vs 0.34 0.08, P o .001) and a higher incidence of ejection fraction o55% (odds ratio 11, 95% confidence interval 1.045–374, P 1⁄4 .04). Mechanical dispersion assessed by TDI (P 0.01) and STE (P 0.001) was higher in the SQTS group than in controls; each parameter showed a significant inverse correlation with QT interval but not with QT dispersion. CONCLUSION This study showed that in SQTS systolic function may also be affected. SQTS patients presented a significant dispersion of myocardial contraction. TDI and STE could become part of the evaluation of this rare disease.
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http://www.elsevier.com/inca/publications/store/7/0/2/3/3/3/index.htt
Arrhythmias; Genetics; Global longitudinal strain; Short QT syndrome; Speckle tracking echocardiography; Tissue doppler imaging; Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine; Physiology (medical)
Frea, Simone; Giustetto, Carla; Capriolo, Michele; Scrocco, Chiara; Fornengo, Cristina; Benedetto, Sara; Bianchi, Francesca; Pidello, Stefano; Morello, Mara; Gaita, Fiorenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1617159
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