Cyclic AMP (cAMP) binding to G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) orchestrates chemotaxis and development in Dictyostelium. By activating the RasC-TORC2-PKB (PKB is also known as AKT in mammals) module, cAMP regulates cell polarization during chemotaxis. TORC2 also mediates GPCR-dependent stimulation of adenylyl cyclase A (ACA), enhancing cAMP relay and developmental gene expression. Thus, mutants defective in the TORC2 Pia subunit (also known as Rictor in mammals) are impaired in chemotaxis and development. Near-saturation mutagenesis of a Pia mutant by random gene disruption led to selection of two suppressor mutants in which spontaneous chemotaxis and development were restored. PKB phosphorylation and chemotactic cell polarization were rescued, whereas Pia-dependent ACA stimulation was not restored but bypassed, leading to cAMP-dependent developmental gene expression. Knocking out the gene encoding the adenylylcyclase B (ACB) in the parental strain showed ACB to be essential for this process. The gene tagged in the suppressor mutants encodes a newly unidentified HECT ubiquitin ligase that is homologous to mammalian HERC1, but harbours a pleckstrin homology domain. Expression of the isolated wild-type HECT domain, but not a mutant HECT C5185S form, from this protein was sufficient to reconstitute the parental phenotype. The new ubiquitin ligase appears to regulate cell sensitivity to cAMP signalling and TORC2-dependent PKB phosphorylation.

A new HECT ubiquitin ligase regulating chemotaxis and development in Dictyostelium discoideum

PERGOLIZZI, Barbara
First
;
BRACCO, Enrico;BOZZARO, Salvatore
2017

Abstract

Cyclic AMP (cAMP) binding to G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) orchestrates chemotaxis and development in Dictyostelium. By activating the RasC-TORC2-PKB (PKB is also known as AKT in mammals) module, cAMP regulates cell polarization during chemotaxis. TORC2 also mediates GPCR-dependent stimulation of adenylyl cyclase A (ACA), enhancing cAMP relay and developmental gene expression. Thus, mutants defective in the TORC2 Pia subunit (also known as Rictor in mammals) are impaired in chemotaxis and development. Near-saturation mutagenesis of a Pia mutant by random gene disruption led to selection of two suppressor mutants in which spontaneous chemotaxis and development were restored. PKB phosphorylation and chemotactic cell polarization were rescued, whereas Pia-dependent ACA stimulation was not restored but bypassed, leading to cAMP-dependent developmental gene expression. Knocking out the gene encoding the adenylylcyclase B (ACB) in the parental strain showed ACB to be essential for this process. The gene tagged in the suppressor mutants encodes a newly unidentified HECT ubiquitin ligase that is homologous to mammalian HERC1, but harbours a pleckstrin homology domain. Expression of the isolated wild-type HECT domain, but not a mutant HECT C5185S form, from this protein was sufficient to reconstitute the parental phenotype. The new ubiquitin ligase appears to regulate cell sensitivity to cAMP signalling and TORC2-dependent PKB phosphorylation.
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http://jcs.biologists.org/content/early/2016/12/15/jcs.194225
http://jcs.biologists.org/content/joces/130/3/551.full.pdf
cAMP signalling; Dictyostelium; HECT ubiquitin ligase; HERC1; Pia; Rictor; TORC2; Cell Biology
Pergolizzi, Barbara; Bracco, Enrico; Bozzaro, Salvatore
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1624213
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