BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and renal stem/progenitors improve the recovery of acute kidney injury (AKI) mainly through the release of paracrine mediators including the extracellular vesicles (EVs). Several studies have reported the existence of a resident population of MSCs within the glomeruli (Gl-MSCs). However, their contribution towards kidney repair still remains to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether Gl-MSCs and Gl-MSC-EVs promote the recovery of AKI induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in SCID mice. Moreover, the effects of Gl-MSCs and Gl-MSC-EVs were compared with those of CD133(+) progenitor cells isolated from human tubules of the renal cortical tissue (T-CD133(+) cells) and their EVs (T-CD133(+)-EVs). METHODS: IRI was performed in mice by clamping the left renal pedicle for 35 minutes together with a right nephrectomy. Immediately after reperfusion, the animals were divided in different groups to be treated with: Gl-MSCs, T-CD133(+) cells, Gl-MSC-EVs, T-CD133(+)-EVs or vehicle. To assess the role of vesicular RNA, EVs were either isolated by floating to avoid contamination of non-vesicles-associated RNA or treated with a high dose of RNase. Mice were sacrificed 48 hours after surgery. RESULTS: Gl-MSCs, and Gl-MSC-EVs both ameliorate kidney function and reduce the ischemic damage post IRI by activating tubular epithelial cell proliferation. Furthermore, T-CD133(+) cells, but not their EVs, also significantly contributed to the renal recovery after IRI compared to the controls. Floating EVs were effective while RNase-inactivated EVs were ineffective. Analysis of the EV miRnome revealed that Gl-MSC-EVs selectively expressed a group of miRNAs, compared to EVs derived from fibroblasts, which were biologically ineffective in IRI. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrate that Gl-MSCs may contribute in the recovery of mice with AKI induced by IRI primarily through the release of EVs.

The effects of glomerular and tubular renal progenitors and derived extracellular vesicles on recovery from acute kidney injury

RANGHINO, Andrea
Co-first
;
BRUNO, Stefania;BUSSOLATI, Benedetta;MOGGIO, ALDO;DIMUCCIO, VERONICA;TAPPARO, MARTA;BIANCONE, Luigi;GONTERO, Paolo;FREA, Bruno;CAMUSSI, Giovanni
2017-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and renal stem/progenitors improve the recovery of acute kidney injury (AKI) mainly through the release of paracrine mediators including the extracellular vesicles (EVs). Several studies have reported the existence of a resident population of MSCs within the glomeruli (Gl-MSCs). However, their contribution towards kidney repair still remains to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether Gl-MSCs and Gl-MSC-EVs promote the recovery of AKI induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in SCID mice. Moreover, the effects of Gl-MSCs and Gl-MSC-EVs were compared with those of CD133(+) progenitor cells isolated from human tubules of the renal cortical tissue (T-CD133(+) cells) and their EVs (T-CD133(+)-EVs). METHODS: IRI was performed in mice by clamping the left renal pedicle for 35 minutes together with a right nephrectomy. Immediately after reperfusion, the animals were divided in different groups to be treated with: Gl-MSCs, T-CD133(+) cells, Gl-MSC-EVs, T-CD133(+)-EVs or vehicle. To assess the role of vesicular RNA, EVs were either isolated by floating to avoid contamination of non-vesicles-associated RNA or treated with a high dose of RNase. Mice were sacrificed 48 hours after surgery. RESULTS: Gl-MSCs, and Gl-MSC-EVs both ameliorate kidney function and reduce the ischemic damage post IRI by activating tubular epithelial cell proliferation. Furthermore, T-CD133(+) cells, but not their EVs, also significantly contributed to the renal recovery after IRI compared to the controls. Floating EVs were effective while RNase-inactivated EVs were ineffective. Analysis of the EV miRnome revealed that Gl-MSC-EVs selectively expressed a group of miRNAs, compared to EVs derived from fibroblasts, which were biologically ineffective in IRI. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrate that Gl-MSCs may contribute in the recovery of mice with AKI induced by IRI primarily through the release of EVs.
2017
8
1
1
15
http://stemcellres.com
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5297206/
Extracellular vesicles; Glomerular mesenchymal stromal cells; Ischemia-reperfusion injury; Renal regeneration; Medicine (miscellaneous); Molecular Medicine; Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous); Cell Biology
Ranghino, Andrea; Bruno, Stefania; Bussolati, Benedetta; Moggio, Aldo; Dimuccio, Veronica; Tapparo, Marta; Biancone, Luigi; Gontero, Paolo; Frea, Bruno; Camussi, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1631119
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