Introduction: The present study was intended to evaluate the efects of a rehabilitative training, the Cognitive Pragmatic Treatment (CPT), aimed at improving communicative-pragmatic abilities and the related cognitive components, on the cerebral modifications of a single case patient diagnosed with schizophrenia. Methods. The patient underwent two functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) sessions, before and afer the treatment. In order to assess brain changes, we calculated the Amplitude of Low Frequency Fluctuation (ALFF) index of the resting-state fMRI signal, which is interpreted as reflectingthe intensity of the spontaneous regional activity of the brain. Behavioural measures of the patient s communicative performance were also gathered before and afer training and at follow-up. Results. The patient improved his communicative performance in almost all tests. Posttraining stronger ALFF signal emerged in the superior, inferior, and medial frontal gyri, as well as the superior temporal gyri. Conclusions. Even if based on a single case study, these preliminary results show functional changes at the cerebral level that seem to support the patient's behavioural improvements.

Cognitive Pragmatic rehabilitation program In schizophrenia: A single case fMRI study

GABBATORE, ILARIA;BOSCO, Francesca Marina;GEDA, Elisabetta Mara Lidia;GASTALDO, LUIGI Enzo Maria;DUCA, SERGIO;BRISCHETTO COSTA, Tommaso;BARA, Bruno Giuseppe;SACCO, Katiuscia
2017

Abstract

Introduction: The present study was intended to evaluate the efects of a rehabilitative training, the Cognitive Pragmatic Treatment (CPT), aimed at improving communicative-pragmatic abilities and the related cognitive components, on the cerebral modifications of a single case patient diagnosed with schizophrenia. Methods. The patient underwent two functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) sessions, before and afer the treatment. In order to assess brain changes, we calculated the Amplitude of Low Frequency Fluctuation (ALFF) index of the resting-state fMRI signal, which is interpreted as reflectingthe intensity of the spontaneous regional activity of the brain. Behavioural measures of the patient s communicative performance were also gathered before and afer training and at follow-up. Results. The patient improved his communicative performance in almost all tests. Posttraining stronger ALFF signal emerged in the superior, inferior, and medial frontal gyri, as well as the superior temporal gyri. Conclusions. Even if based on a single case study, these preliminary results show functional changes at the cerebral level that seem to support the patient's behavioural improvements.
2017
1
9
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/np/
Neurology, Neurology clinical, Schizophrenia, Cognitive Therapy, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, Cognitive rehabilitation, Communication skill, Language ability
Gabbatore, Ilaria; Bosco, Francesca M.; Geda, Elisabetta; Gastaldo, Luigi; Duca, Sergio; Costa, Tommaso; Bara, Bruno G.; Sacco, Katiuscia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1633258
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