ABSTRACT Aims: The knowledge of the mechanism underlying the cardiac damage in immunoglobulin light chain (LC) amyloidosis (AL) is essential to develop novel therapies and improve patients’ outcome. Although an active role of radical oxygen species (ROS) in LC-induced cardiotoxicity has already been envisaged, the actual mechanisms behind their generation remain elusive. This study was aimed at further dissecting the action of ROS generated by cardiotoxic LC in vivo and investigating whe the r transition metal ions are involved in this process. In absence of reliable vertebrate model of AL we employed the nema tode Caenorhabdistis elegans, whose pharynx is an “ancestral heart”. Results: LC purified from patients with severe cardiac involvement intrinsically generated high levels of ROS and, when administered to C. elegans induced ROS production, activation of the DAF-16/FOXO pathway and expression of proteins involved in stress resistance and survival. Profound functional and structural ROS-mediated mitochondrial damage, similar to that observed in amyloid-affected hearts from AL patients, was observed. All these effects were entirely dependent on the presence of metal ions since addition of metal chelator or metal-binding 8-hydroxyquinoline compounds (Chelex, PBT2 and clioquinol) permanently blocked the ROS production and prevented the cardiotoxic effects of amyloid LC. Innovation and Conclusion: Our findings identify the key role of metal ions in driving the ROS-mediated toxic effects of LC. This is a novel conceptual advance which paves the way for new pharmacological strategies aimed at not only counteracting but totally inhibiting the vicious cycle of redox damage.

Cardiac light chain amyloidosis: The role of metal ions in oxidative stress and mitochondrial damage

GHIBAUDI, Elena Maria;
2017

Abstract

ABSTRACT Aims: The knowledge of the mechanism underlying the cardiac damage in immunoglobulin light chain (LC) amyloidosis (AL) is essential to develop novel therapies and improve patients’ outcome. Although an active role of radical oxygen species (ROS) in LC-induced cardiotoxicity has already been envisaged, the actual mechanisms behind their generation remain elusive. This study was aimed at further dissecting the action of ROS generated by cardiotoxic LC in vivo and investigating whe the r transition metal ions are involved in this process. In absence of reliable vertebrate model of AL we employed the nema tode Caenorhabdistis elegans, whose pharynx is an “ancestral heart”. Results: LC purified from patients with severe cardiac involvement intrinsically generated high levels of ROS and, when administered to C. elegans induced ROS production, activation of the DAF-16/FOXO pathway and expression of proteins involved in stress resistance and survival. Profound functional and structural ROS-mediated mitochondrial damage, similar to that observed in amyloid-affected hearts from AL patients, was observed. All these effects were entirely dependent on the presence of metal ions since addition of metal chelator or metal-binding 8-hydroxyquinoline compounds (Chelex, PBT2 and clioquinol) permanently blocked the ROS production and prevented the cardiotoxic effects of amyloid LC. Innovation and Conclusion: Our findings identify the key role of metal ions in driving the ROS-mediated toxic effects of LC. This is a novel conceptual advance which paves the way for new pharmacological strategies aimed at not only counteracting but totally inhibiting the vicious cycle of redox damage.
27
567
582
http://online.liebertpub.com/toc/ars/27/9
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5567464/
metals, amyloid, protein misfolding, immunoglobulin light chain, Caenorhabditis elegans, mitochondria
Diomede l., Romeo M., Rognoni P., Beeg M., Foray C., Ghibaudi E., Palladini G., Cherny R.A., Verga L., Capello G.L., Perfetti V., Fiordaliso F., Merlini G., Salmona M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1637361
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