Acute Graft-vs.-Host Disease (GVHD) is a serious complication after allografting. We carried out an exploratory study to investigate a potential correlation of surface antigens on Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) and acute GVHD. EVs were extracted from serum samples from 41 multiple myeloma patients who underwent allografting. EVs were characterized by flow-cytometry using a panel of 13 antibodies against specific membrane proteins which were reported to be predictive of acute GVHD. We observed a correlation between 3 potential biomarkers expressed on EVs surface and acute GVHD onset by both logistic regression analysis and Cox proportional hazard model. In our study, CD146 (MCAM-1) was correlated with an increased risk-by almost 60%-of developing GVHD, whereas CD31 and CD140-α (PECAM-1 and PDGFR-α) with a decreased risk-by almost 40 and 60%, respectively -. These biomarkers also showed a significant change in signal level from baseline to the onset of acute GVHD. Our novel study encourages future investigations into the potential correlation between EVs and acute GVHD. Larger prospective multi-center studies are currently in progress.Leukemia accepted article preview online, 30 August 2017. doi:10.1038/leu.2017.277.

Extracellular vesicles as potential biomarkers of acute graft-vs.-host-disease

LIA, GIUSEPPE;BRUNO, Stefania;CARPANETTO, ANDREA;OMEDE', Pierluigi;FESTUCCIA, MORENO BENEDETTO;TOSTI, LAURA;MAFFINI, Enrico;GIACCONE, Luisa;BOCCADORO, Mario;EVANGELISTA, ANDREA;Camussi, G;BRUNO, Benedetto
Last
2018

Abstract

Acute Graft-vs.-Host Disease (GVHD) is a serious complication after allografting. We carried out an exploratory study to investigate a potential correlation of surface antigens on Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) and acute GVHD. EVs were extracted from serum samples from 41 multiple myeloma patients who underwent allografting. EVs were characterized by flow-cytometry using a panel of 13 antibodies against specific membrane proteins which were reported to be predictive of acute GVHD. We observed a correlation between 3 potential biomarkers expressed on EVs surface and acute GVHD onset by both logistic regression analysis and Cox proportional hazard model. In our study, CD146 (MCAM-1) was correlated with an increased risk-by almost 60%-of developing GVHD, whereas CD31 and CD140-α (PECAM-1 and PDGFR-α) with a decreased risk-by almost 40 and 60%, respectively -. These biomarkers also showed a significant change in signal level from baseline to the onset of acute GVHD. Our novel study encourages future investigations into the potential correlation between EVs and acute GVHD. Larger prospective multi-center studies are currently in progress.Leukemia accepted article preview online, 30 August 2017. doi:10.1038/leu.2017.277.
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Lia, G; Brunello, L; Bruno, S; Carpanetto, A; Omedè, P; Festuccia, M; Tosti, L; Maffini, E; Giaccone, L; Arpinati, M; Ciccone, G; Boccadoro, M; Evangelista, A; Camussi, G; Bruno, B
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1647246
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