Teriparatide is a bone anabolic treatment for osteoporosis, modeled in animals by intermittent PTH (iPTH) administration, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms of action of iPTH are largely unknown. Here, we show that Teriparatide and iPTH cause a ~two-threefold increase in the number of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in humans and mice. Attesting in vivo relevance, blockade of the Treg increase in mice prevents the increase in bone formation and trabecular bone volume and structure induced by iPTH Therefore, increasing the number of Tregs is a pivotal mechanism by which iPTH exerts its bone anabolic activity. Increasing Tregs pharmacologically may represent a novel bone anabolic therapy, while iPTH-induced Treg increase may find applications in inflammatory conditions and transplant medicine.

Regulatory T cells are expanded by Teriparatide treatment in humans and mediate intermittent PTH-induced bone anabolism in mice

D'amelio, Patrizia;Buondonno, Ilaria;Sassi, Francesca;
2018

Abstract

Teriparatide is a bone anabolic treatment for osteoporosis, modeled in animals by intermittent PTH (iPTH) administration, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms of action of iPTH are largely unknown. Here, we show that Teriparatide and iPTH cause a ~two-threefold increase in the number of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in humans and mice. Attesting in vivo relevance, blockade of the Treg increase in mice prevents the increase in bone formation and trabecular bone volume and structure induced by iPTH Therefore, increasing the number of Tregs is a pivotal mechanism by which iPTH exerts its bone anabolic activity. Increasing Tregs pharmacologically may represent a novel bone anabolic therapy, while iPTH-induced Treg increase may find applications in inflammatory conditions and transplant medicine.
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bone; bone formation; parathyroid hormone; regulatory T cells
Yu, Mingcan; D'Amelio, Patrizia; Tyagi, Abdul Malik; Vaccaro, Chiara; Li, Jau-Yi; Hsu, Emory; Buondonno, Ilaria; Sassi, Francesca; Adams, Jonathan; Weitzmann, M Neale; DiPaolo, Richard; Pacifici, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1652636
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