This article reports on the preparation and solid-state characterization of an indomethacin caffeine drug drug cocrystal (or codrug) in a 1:1 stoichiometry. These two active ingredients are frequently coadministered as part of a therapy against strong migraines, in a commercially available fixed dose combination formulation. The X-ray crystal structure of the codrug is characterized by a hydrogen bond interaction between the carboxylic moiety of indomethacin and the purinic nitrogen atom of caffeine. The combination of multinuclear and multidimensional solid-state NMR measurements H-1 MAS, C-13 and N-15 CPMAS, H-1 DQ MAS, C-13-H-1 HETCOR, N-14-H-1 J- and D-HMQC), as well as IR data, provided spectroscopic evidence about the hydrogen atom position along the hydrogen bond axis, thereby confirming the neutral nature of the cocrystal. Furthermore, dissolution kinetic tests revealed superior bioavailability of indomethacin in the codrug compared to indomethacin alone and to an indomethacin caffeine physical mixture. On the other hand, the melting point of indomethacin was slightly lower in the cocrystal rather than in the pure drug.

Engineering Codrug Solid Forms: Mechanochemical Synthesis of an Indomethacin-Caffeine System

BORDIGNON, SIMONE;Cerreia Vioglio, Paolo;Priola, Emanuele;Gobetto, Roberto;Chierotti, Michele R.
2017

Abstract

This article reports on the preparation and solid-state characterization of an indomethacin caffeine drug drug cocrystal (or codrug) in a 1:1 stoichiometry. These two active ingredients are frequently coadministered as part of a therapy against strong migraines, in a commercially available fixed dose combination formulation. The X-ray crystal structure of the codrug is characterized by a hydrogen bond interaction between the carboxylic moiety of indomethacin and the purinic nitrogen atom of caffeine. The combination of multinuclear and multidimensional solid-state NMR measurements H-1 MAS, C-13 and N-15 CPMAS, H-1 DQ MAS, C-13-H-1 HETCOR, N-14-H-1 J- and D-HMQC), as well as IR data, provided spectroscopic evidence about the hydrogen atom position along the hydrogen bond axis, thereby confirming the neutral nature of the cocrystal. Furthermore, dissolution kinetic tests revealed superior bioavailability of indomethacin in the codrug compared to indomethacin alone and to an indomethacin caffeine physical mixture. On the other hand, the melting point of indomethacin was slightly lower in the cocrystal rather than in the pure drug.
17
11
5744
5752
http://pubs.acs.org/journal/cgdefu
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.cgd.7b00748
Chemistry (all); Materials Science (all); Condensed Matter Physics
Bordignon, Simone; Cerreia Vioglio, Paolo; Priola, Emanuele; Voinovich, Dario; Gobetto, Roberto; Nishiyama, Yusuke; Chierotti, Michele R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1657271
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