Abstract IMPORTANCE: There is a lack of information about long-term results of chronic angle closure glaucoma following an acute primary angle closure attack in Caucasian patients. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to report morphological and functional long-term data of chronic angle closure eyes following a monolateral primary angle closure attack and to provide a comparison with their fellow eyes. DESIGN: Observational retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-seven consecutive patients (114 eyes) underwent long-term follow-up analysis. METHODS: Patients underwent ophthalmic assessment more than 5 years since the angle closure attack. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Intraocular pressure, best-corrected visual acuity, angle assessment, vertical C/D ratio and standard automated perimetry were the main outcome measures. Comparisons were made between angle closure attack eyes and fellow eyes and between phakic and pseudophakic eyes. RESULTS: Mean follow-up time was 5.86 ± 1.19 years. A significant greater damage in the angle closure eyes compared with fellow eyes in both structural (mean C/D 0.61 ± 0.16; P < 0.001) and functional (mean deviation: -7.98 ± 6.46 vs. -4.83 ± 4.95 dB; P < 0.001) terms was present. Mean IOP was 13.44 ± 2.78 and 13.89 ± 2.60 mmHg in angle closure and fellow eyes (P = 0.11). Thirty of 57 (53%) fellow eyes developed chronic angle closure (mean deviation: -7.74 ± 5.21 dB) even if prophylactic iridotomy was promptly performed. CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE: Our study prompts ophthalmologists to closely follow patients after an APAC attack to prevent potential glaucoma damage in both APAC and fellow eye. © 2017 The Authors Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists.

Long-term outcomes after acute primary angle closure of Caucasian chronic angle closure glaucoma patients

Fea, Antonio Maria
First
;
Dallorto, Laura;Lavia, Carlo;Pignata, Giulia;Rolle, Teresa;
2018

Abstract

Abstract IMPORTANCE: There is a lack of information about long-term results of chronic angle closure glaucoma following an acute primary angle closure attack in Caucasian patients. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to report morphological and functional long-term data of chronic angle closure eyes following a monolateral primary angle closure attack and to provide a comparison with their fellow eyes. DESIGN: Observational retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-seven consecutive patients (114 eyes) underwent long-term follow-up analysis. METHODS: Patients underwent ophthalmic assessment more than 5 years since the angle closure attack. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Intraocular pressure, best-corrected visual acuity, angle assessment, vertical C/D ratio and standard automated perimetry were the main outcome measures. Comparisons were made between angle closure attack eyes and fellow eyes and between phakic and pseudophakic eyes. RESULTS: Mean follow-up time was 5.86 ± 1.19 years. A significant greater damage in the angle closure eyes compared with fellow eyes in both structural (mean C/D 0.61 ± 0.16; P < 0.001) and functional (mean deviation: -7.98 ± 6.46 vs. -4.83 ± 4.95 dB; P < 0.001) terms was present. Mean IOP was 13.44 ± 2.78 and 13.89 ± 2.60 mmHg in angle closure and fellow eyes (P = 0.11). Thirty of 57 (53%) fellow eyes developed chronic angle closure (mean deviation: -7.74 ± 5.21 dB) even if prophylactic iridotomy was promptly performed. CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE: Our study prompts ophthalmologists to closely follow patients after an APAC attack to prevent potential glaucoma damage in both APAC and fellow eye. © 2017 The Authors Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists.
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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ceo.13024
APAC; PACG; glaucoma; long-term follow-up; outcome
Fea, Antonio Maria; Dallorto, Laura; Lavia, Carlo; Pignata, Giulia; Rolle, Teresa; Aung, Tin
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1665623
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