At present, little information is available on the opportunities and challenges to recover valuable critical raw materials (CRM) and secondary raw materials (SRM) from extractive waste (EW) deposits. In this study, an integrated framework describing the key steps required to assess the viability of CRM recovery from EW deposits is presented. The framework has been tested and validated using a pilot site located in the Northern region of Lombardy, Gorno. A tiered characterisation approach was used to support the framework and obtain information on (i) the deposit features and their characteristics including geocharacterisation of the waste layers, (ii) the physico-chemical properties of the waste layers, and (iii) the presence of CRM/SRM hot spots using a combination of drone technology and geographic information system (GIS) data collection. Zinc (0.65 to 19.3 wt %) and Cadmium (22 - 544 ppm) and to a lower extent Gallium (6.0 – 88.6 ppm) were the most abundant elements that could be potentially recovered from the waste rocks. Assuming that all Zn, Cd and Ga were from exploitable minerals (eg. sphalerite, calamine, etc...), there are good opportunity of significant revenues ranging between 13.4 and 63 M€ for Zn, 18.5 and 88 k€ for Cd and 132 and 530 k€ for Ga. While caution is needed in extrapolating these potential revenues, there are promising and supporting the potential economic viability of landfill mining at EW deposits.

Landfill mining from extractive waste facilities: The importance of a correct site characterisation and evaluation of the potentialities. A case study from Italy

Giovanna Antonella Dino;Piergiorgio Rossetti;Luigi Perotti;Walter Alberto;
2018

Abstract

At present, little information is available on the opportunities and challenges to recover valuable critical raw materials (CRM) and secondary raw materials (SRM) from extractive waste (EW) deposits. In this study, an integrated framework describing the key steps required to assess the viability of CRM recovery from EW deposits is presented. The framework has been tested and validated using a pilot site located in the Northern region of Lombardy, Gorno. A tiered characterisation approach was used to support the framework and obtain information on (i) the deposit features and their characteristics including geocharacterisation of the waste layers, (ii) the physico-chemical properties of the waste layers, and (iii) the presence of CRM/SRM hot spots using a combination of drone technology and geographic information system (GIS) data collection. Zinc (0.65 to 19.3 wt %) and Cadmium (22 - 544 ppm) and to a lower extent Gallium (6.0 – 88.6 ppm) were the most abundant elements that could be potentially recovered from the waste rocks. Assuming that all Zn, Cd and Ga were from exploitable minerals (eg. sphalerite, calamine, etc...), there are good opportunity of significant revenues ranging between 13.4 and 63 M€ for Zn, 18.5 and 88 k€ for Cd and 132 and 530 k€ for Ga. While caution is needed in extrapolating these potential revenues, there are promising and supporting the potential economic viability of landfill mining at EW deposits.
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https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301420717305524
critical raw materials, secondary raw materials, extractive waste deposits, landfill mining, circular economy, zinc mine
Giovanna Antonella Dino , Piergiorgio Rossetti, Luigi Perotti, Walter Alberto, Heikki Sarkka, Frédéric Coulon, Stuart Wagland, Zoe Griffiths, Franco Rodeghiero
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1667459
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