TDP-43 (encoded by the gene TARDBP) is an RNA binding protein central to the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, how TARDBP mutations trigger pathogenesis remains unknown. Here, we use novel mouse mutants carrying point mutations in endogenous Tardbp to dissect TDP-43 function at physiological levels both in vitro and in vivo. Interestingly, we find that mutations within the C-terminal domain of TDP-43 lead to a gain of splicing function. Using two different strains, we are able to separate TDP-43 loss- and gain-of-function effects. TDP-43 gain-of-function effects in these mice reveal a novel category of splicing events controlled by TDP-43, referred to as “skiptic” exons, in which skipping of constitutive exons causes changes in gene expression. In vivo, this gain-of-function mutation in endogenous Tardbp causes an adult-onset neuromuscular phenotype accompanied by motor neuron loss and neurodegenerative changes. Furthermore, we have validated the splicing gain-of-function and skiptic exons in ALS patientderived cells. Our findings provide a novel pathogenic mechanism and highlight how TDP-43 gain of function and loss of function affect RNA processing differently, suggesting they may act at different disease stages.

Mice with endogenous TDP-43 mutations exhibit gain of splicing function and characteristics of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Calvo, Andrea;Chiò, Adriano;
2018

Abstract

TDP-43 (encoded by the gene TARDBP) is an RNA binding protein central to the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, how TARDBP mutations trigger pathogenesis remains unknown. Here, we use novel mouse mutants carrying point mutations in endogenous Tardbp to dissect TDP-43 function at physiological levels both in vitro and in vivo. Interestingly, we find that mutations within the C-terminal domain of TDP-43 lead to a gain of splicing function. Using two different strains, we are able to separate TDP-43 loss- and gain-of-function effects. TDP-43 gain-of-function effects in these mice reveal a novel category of splicing events controlled by TDP-43, referred to as “skiptic” exons, in which skipping of constitutive exons causes changes in gene expression. In vivo, this gain-of-function mutation in endogenous Tardbp causes an adult-onset neuromuscular phenotype accompanied by motor neuron loss and neurodegenerative changes. Furthermore, we have validated the splicing gain-of-function and skiptic exons in ALS patientderived cells. Our findings provide a novel pathogenic mechanism and highlight how TDP-43 gain of function and loss of function affect RNA processing differently, suggesting they may act at different disease stages.
37
11
e98684
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http://emboj.embopress.org/
ALS; cryptic exon; skiptic exon; splicing; TDP-43; Neuroscience (all); Molecular Biology; Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all); Immunology and Microbiology (all)
Fratta, Pietro*; Sivakumar, Prasanth; Humphrey, Jack; Lo, Kitty; Ricketts, Thomas; Oliveira, Hugo; Brito-Armas, Jose M; Kalmar, Bernadett; Ule, Agnieszka; Yu, Yichao; Birsa, Nicol; Bodo, Cristian; Collins, Toby; Conicella, Alexander E; Mejia Maza, Alan; Marrero-Gagliardi, Alessandro; Stewart, Michelle; Mianne, Joffrey; Corrochano, Silvia; Emmett, Warren; Codner, Gemma; Groves, Michael; Fukumura, Ryutaro; Gondo, Yoichi; Lythgoe, Mark; Pauws, Erwin; Peskett, Emma; Stanier, Philip; Teboul, Lydia; Hallegger, Martina; Calvo, Andrea; Chiò, Adriano; Isaacs, Adrian M; Fawzi, Nicolas L; Wang, Eric; Housman, David E; Baralle, Francisco; Greensmith, Linda; Buratti, Emanuele; Plagnol, Vincent; Fisher, Elizabeth MC; Acevedo-Arozena, Abraham
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1673166
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