With limited therapeutic intervention in preventing the progression to end-stage renal disease, chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains a global health-care burden. Aristolochic acid (AA) induced nephropathy is a model of CKD characterised by inflammation, tubular injury, and interstitial fibrosis. Human liver stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles (HLSC-EVs) have been reported to exhibit therapeutic properties in various disease models including acute kidney injury. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of HLSC-EVs on tubular regeneration and interstitial fibrosis in an AA-induced mouse model of CKD. NSG mice were injected with HLSC-EVs 3 days after administering AA on a weekly basis for 4 weeks. Mice injected with AA significantly lost weight over the 4-week period. Deterioration in kidney function was also observed. Histology was performed to evaluate tubular necrosis, interstitial fibrosis, as well as infiltration of inflammatory cells/fibroblasts. Kidneys were also subjected to gene array analyses to evaluate regulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) and pro-fibrotic genes. The effect of HLSC-EVs was also tested in vitro to assess pro-fibrotic gene regulation in fibroblasts cocultured with AA pretreated tubular epithelial cells. Histological analyses showed that treatment with HLSC-EVs significantly reduced tubular necrosis, interstitial fibrosis, infiltration of CD45 cells and fibroblasts, which were all elevated during AA induced injury. At a molecular level, HLSC-EVs significantly inhibited the upregulation of the pro-fibrotic genes α-Sma, Tgfb1, and Col1a1 in vivo and in vitro. Fibrosis gene array analyses revealed an upregulation of 35 pro-fibrotic genes in AA injured mice. Treatment with HLSC-EVs downregulated 14 pro-fibrotic genes in total, out of which, 5 were upregulated in mice injured with AA. Analyses of the total mouse miRnome identified several miRNAs involved in the regulation of fibrotic pathways, which were found to be modulated post-treatment with HLSC-EVs. These results indicate that HLSC-EVs play a regenerative role in CKD possibly through the regulation of genes and miRNAs that are activated during the progression of the disease.

Human liver stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles prevent aristolochic acid-induced kidney fibrosis

KHOLIA, SHARADKUMAR RAJNIKANT;Herrera Sanchez MB;Cedrino M;Papadimitriou E;Tapparo M;Deregibus MC;Brizzi MF;Camussi G.
2018-01-01

Abstract

With limited therapeutic intervention in preventing the progression to end-stage renal disease, chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains a global health-care burden. Aristolochic acid (AA) induced nephropathy is a model of CKD characterised by inflammation, tubular injury, and interstitial fibrosis. Human liver stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles (HLSC-EVs) have been reported to exhibit therapeutic properties in various disease models including acute kidney injury. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of HLSC-EVs on tubular regeneration and interstitial fibrosis in an AA-induced mouse model of CKD. NSG mice were injected with HLSC-EVs 3 days after administering AA on a weekly basis for 4 weeks. Mice injected with AA significantly lost weight over the 4-week period. Deterioration in kidney function was also observed. Histology was performed to evaluate tubular necrosis, interstitial fibrosis, as well as infiltration of inflammatory cells/fibroblasts. Kidneys were also subjected to gene array analyses to evaluate regulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) and pro-fibrotic genes. The effect of HLSC-EVs was also tested in vitro to assess pro-fibrotic gene regulation in fibroblasts cocultured with AA pretreated tubular epithelial cells. Histological analyses showed that treatment with HLSC-EVs significantly reduced tubular necrosis, interstitial fibrosis, infiltration of CD45 cells and fibroblasts, which were all elevated during AA induced injury. At a molecular level, HLSC-EVs significantly inhibited the upregulation of the pro-fibrotic genes α-Sma, Tgfb1, and Col1a1 in vivo and in vitro. Fibrosis gene array analyses revealed an upregulation of 35 pro-fibrotic genes in AA injured mice. Treatment with HLSC-EVs downregulated 14 pro-fibrotic genes in total, out of which, 5 were upregulated in mice injured with AA. Analyses of the total mouse miRnome identified several miRNAs involved in the regulation of fibrotic pathways, which were found to be modulated post-treatment with HLSC-EVs. These results indicate that HLSC-EVs play a regenerative role in CKD possibly through the regulation of genes and miRNAs that are activated during the progression of the disease.
2018
9
JUL
1639
1654
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2018.01639/full
Aristolochic acid nephropathy; Chronic kidney disease; Extracellular vesicles; Fibrosis; Human liver stem cells; MiRNA; Immunology and Allergy; Immunology
Kholia S, Herrera Sanchez MB, Cedrino M, Papadimitriou E, Tapparo M, Deregibus MC, Brizzi MF, Tetta C, Camussi G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1678670
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