to determine reliability and reproducibility of measurements of aortic annulus in 3D models printed from cardiovascular computed tomography (CCT) images. METHODS: Retrospective study on the records of 20 patients who underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR) with pre-surgery annulus assessment by CCT and intra-operative sizing by Hegar dilators (IOS). 3D models were fabricated by fused deposition modelling of thermoplastic polyurethane filaments. For each patient, two 3D models were independently segmented, modelled and printed by two blinded "manufacturers": a radiologist and a radiology technician. Two blinded cardiac surgeons performed the annulus diameter measurements by Hegar dilators on the two sets of models. Matched data from different measurements were analyzed with Wilcoxon test, Bland-Altmann plot and within-subject ANOVA. RESULTS: No significant differences were found among the measurements made by each cardiac surgeon on the same 3D model (p = 0.48) or on the 3D models printed by different manufacturers (p = 0.25); also, no intraobserver variability (p = 0.46). The annulus diameter measured on 3D models showed good agreement with the reference CCT measurement (p = 0.68) and IOH sizing (p = 0.11). Time and cost per model were: model creation ∼10-15 min; printing time ∼60 min; post-processing ∼5min; material cost ∼1€.
 CONCLUSION: 3D printing of aortic annulus can offer reliable, not expensive patient-specific information to be used in the pre-operative planning of AVR or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

3D printing of the aortic annulus based on cardiovascular computed tomography: Preliminary experience in pre-procedural planning for aortic valve sizing

Faletti, R
First
;
Gatti, M;Cosentino, A;Bergamasco, L;CURA STURA, Erik;Salizzoni, S;Veglia, S;D'OTTAVIO, PARIDE;Rinaldi, M;Fonio, P
Last
2018

Abstract

to determine reliability and reproducibility of measurements of aortic annulus in 3D models printed from cardiovascular computed tomography (CCT) images. METHODS: Retrospective study on the records of 20 patients who underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR) with pre-surgery annulus assessment by CCT and intra-operative sizing by Hegar dilators (IOS). 3D models were fabricated by fused deposition modelling of thermoplastic polyurethane filaments. For each patient, two 3D models were independently segmented, modelled and printed by two blinded "manufacturers": a radiologist and a radiology technician. Two blinded cardiac surgeons performed the annulus diameter measurements by Hegar dilators on the two sets of models. Matched data from different measurements were analyzed with Wilcoxon test, Bland-Altmann plot and within-subject ANOVA. RESULTS: No significant differences were found among the measurements made by each cardiac surgeon on the same 3D model (p = 0.48) or on the 3D models printed by different manufacturers (p = 0.25); also, no intraobserver variability (p = 0.46). The annulus diameter measured on 3D models showed good agreement with the reference CCT measurement (p = 0.68) and IOH sizing (p = 0.11). Time and cost per model were: model creation ∼10-15 min; printing time ∼60 min; post-processing ∼5min; material cost ∼1€.
 CONCLUSION: 3D printing of aortic annulus can offer reliable, not expensive patient-specific information to be used in the pre-operative planning of AVR or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).
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5
391
397
http://www.elsevier.com
3D-printing; Aortic annulus; Aortic stenosis; Aortic valve replacement (AVR); Cardiovascular computed tomography (CCT); Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI); Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging; Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Faletti, R; Gatti, M; Cosentino, A; Bergamasco, L; Cura Stura, E; Garabello, D; Pennisi, G; Salizzoni, S; Veglia, S; Ottavio, D; Rinaldi, M; Fonio, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1678836
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