The photochemistry of N-acetyl-para-aminophenol (acetaminophen, APAP) is here investigated by using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) analysis to monitor APAP photodegradation upon steady-state irradiation. The purpose of this work is to assess the applicability of DPV to monitor the photochemical behaviour of xenobiotics, along with the development of an electrochemical set-up for the real-time monitoring of APAP photodegradation. We here investigated the APAP photoreactivity towards the main photogenerated reactive transients species occurring in sunlit surface waters (hydroxyl radical HO*, carbonate radical CO3 - *, excited triplet state of anthraquinone-2-sulfonate used as proxy of the chromophoric DOM, and singlet oxygen 1O2), and determined relevant kinetic parameters. A standard procedure based on UV detection coupled with liquid chromatography (HPLC-UV) was used under identical experimental conditions to compare and verify the DPV-based results. The latter were in agreement with HPLC data, with the exception of the triplet-sensitized processes. In the other cases, DPV could be used as an alternative to the well-tested but more costly and time-consuming HPLC-UV technique. We have also assessed the reaction rate constant between APAP and HO* by real-time DPV, which allowed for the monitoring of APAP photodegradation inside the irradiation chamber. Unfortunately, real-time DPV measurements are likely to be affected by temperature variations of the irradiated samples. Overall, DPV appeared as a fast, cheap and reasonably reliable technique when used for the off-line monitoring of APAP photodegradation. When a suitable real-time procedure is developed, it could become a very straightforward method to study the photochemical behaviour of electroactive xenobiotics.

Off-line and real-time monitoring of acetaminophen photodegradation by an electrochemical sensor

Berto, Silvia;Carena, Luca;Chiavazza, Enrico;FIN, Andrea;Giacomino, Agnese;Malandrino, Mery;Barolo, Claudia;Prenesti, Enrico;Vione, Davide
2018

Abstract

The photochemistry of N-acetyl-para-aminophenol (acetaminophen, APAP) is here investigated by using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) analysis to monitor APAP photodegradation upon steady-state irradiation. The purpose of this work is to assess the applicability of DPV to monitor the photochemical behaviour of xenobiotics, along with the development of an electrochemical set-up for the real-time monitoring of APAP photodegradation. We here investigated the APAP photoreactivity towards the main photogenerated reactive transients species occurring in sunlit surface waters (hydroxyl radical HO*, carbonate radical CO3 - *, excited triplet state of anthraquinone-2-sulfonate used as proxy of the chromophoric DOM, and singlet oxygen 1O2), and determined relevant kinetic parameters. A standard procedure based on UV detection coupled with liquid chromatography (HPLC-UV) was used under identical experimental conditions to compare and verify the DPV-based results. The latter were in agreement with HPLC data, with the exception of the triplet-sensitized processes. In the other cases, DPV could be used as an alternative to the well-tested but more costly and time-consuming HPLC-UV technique. We have also assessed the reaction rate constant between APAP and HO* by real-time DPV, which allowed for the monitoring of APAP photodegradation inside the irradiation chamber. Unfortunately, real-time DPV measurements are likely to be affected by temperature variations of the irradiated samples. Overall, DPV appeared as a fast, cheap and reasonably reliable technique when used for the off-line monitoring of APAP photodegradation. When a suitable real-time procedure is developed, it could become a very straightforward method to study the photochemical behaviour of electroactive xenobiotics.
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www.elsevier.com/locate/chemosphere
Acetaminophen; Differential pulse voltammetry; Electrochemistry; Glassy carbon electrode; Paracetamol; Photochemistry; Acetaminophen; Biosensing Techniques; Electrochemical Techniques; Environmental Monitoring; Kinetics; Photochemistry; Photolysis; Chemistry (all); Environmental Chemistry
Berto, Silvia; Carena, Luca*; Chiavazza, Enrico; Marletti, Matteo; Fin, Andrea; Giacomino, Agnese; Malandrino, Mery; Barolo, Claudia; Prenesti, Enrico; Vione, Davide
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1681656
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