BACKGROUND: Primary central nervous system (CNS) solitary fibrous tumour/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC) is a rare neoplasm and its classification criteria have been redefined by the latest WHO Classification of CNS Tumours. Outcome can vary significantly among patients, thus reliable prognostic markers are warranted. METHODS: Primary CNS SFT/HPC diagnosed at the Pathology Unit of our Institution between 2006 and 2016 were retrospectively collected. Tumour grade along with immunohistochemistry for Ki67, STAT6, PHH3, CD34 and Bcl-2 were assessed. TERT promoter status was evaluated by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: Fifteen SFT/HPC were analysed: 9/15 (60%) female, median age at diagnosis 60 (range: 10-67). Six (40%) cases showed a SFT phenotype and mean H&E-mitotic count was 4.8/10 HPF. Tumour grade was I in 6, II in 4 and III in 5 cases. Mean PHH3-mitotic count was higher than H&E count (8.4 versus 4.8/10 HPF), but it would have determined a change in tumour grade in a sole case. Nuclear staining for STAT6 was present in 14/15 (93.3%). CD34 and Bcl-2 expression rates were lower in higher grade tumours. TERT promoter was mutated in two cases. Median follow up time was 2.4 years (6 months-7.4 years) and 5/15 (33%) patients developed local disease recurrence. Partial resection (p = 0.0185), higher WHO grade (p = 0.038), lower CD34 (p = 0.038) and Bcl-2 (p = 0.010) expressions were significantly associated with a poorer disease-free interval. CONCLUSIONS: WHO grade is the main prognostic tool in CNS SFT/HPC, but it could be integrated by other markers, like CD34 and Bcl-2, in the clinical practice. The relevance of TERT promoter mutations in this subset of CNS tumours needs further evaluation.

Pathological prognostic markers in central nervous system solitary fibrous tumour/ hemangiopericytoma: Evidence from a small series

Bertero, Luca
First
;
Osella-Abate, Simona;DISANTO, Maria Giulia;Mantovani, Cristina;Zenga, Francesco;Rudà, Roberta;Garbossa, Diego;Soffietti, Riccardo;Ricardi, Umberto;Papotti, Mauro;Cassoni, Paola
Last
2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Primary central nervous system (CNS) solitary fibrous tumour/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC) is a rare neoplasm and its classification criteria have been redefined by the latest WHO Classification of CNS Tumours. Outcome can vary significantly among patients, thus reliable prognostic markers are warranted. METHODS: Primary CNS SFT/HPC diagnosed at the Pathology Unit of our Institution between 2006 and 2016 were retrospectively collected. Tumour grade along with immunohistochemistry for Ki67, STAT6, PHH3, CD34 and Bcl-2 were assessed. TERT promoter status was evaluated by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: Fifteen SFT/HPC were analysed: 9/15 (60%) female, median age at diagnosis 60 (range: 10-67). Six (40%) cases showed a SFT phenotype and mean H&E-mitotic count was 4.8/10 HPF. Tumour grade was I in 6, II in 4 and III in 5 cases. Mean PHH3-mitotic count was higher than H&E count (8.4 versus 4.8/10 HPF), but it would have determined a change in tumour grade in a sole case. Nuclear staining for STAT6 was present in 14/15 (93.3%). CD34 and Bcl-2 expression rates were lower in higher grade tumours. TERT promoter was mutated in two cases. Median follow up time was 2.4 years (6 months-7.4 years) and 5/15 (33%) patients developed local disease recurrence. Partial resection (p = 0.0185), higher WHO grade (p = 0.038), lower CD34 (p = 0.038) and Bcl-2 (p = 0.010) expressions were significantly associated with a poorer disease-free interval. CONCLUSIONS: WHO grade is the main prognostic tool in CNS SFT/HPC, but it could be integrated by other markers, like CD34 and Bcl-2, in the clinical practice. The relevance of TERT promoter mutations in this subset of CNS tumours needs further evaluation.
13
9
e0203570
e0203570
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0203570&type=printable
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all); Agricultural and Biological Sciences (all)
Bertero, Luca*; Anfossi, Vittorio; Osella-Abate, Simona; Disanto, Maria Giulia; Mantovani, Cristina; Zenga, Francesco; Rudà, Roberta; Garbossa, Diego; Soffietti, Riccardo; Ricardi, Umberto; Papotti, Mauro; Cassoni, Paola
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1682828
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