In the current study, fucoidans from brown alga Nizamuddinia zanardinii were isolated with conventional and non-conventional extraction procedures to evaluate the effects of recently introduced technologies on biochemical characteristics and saccharide composition of the extracts, along with their antibacterial, antiviral and cytotoxic properties. The results demonstrated that subcritical water extraction showed the highest fucoidans yield (13.15%), while the lowest yield was obtained using ultrasound extraction method (3.6%). The polysaccharide chains consisted of fucose, galactose, glucose, mannose and xylose, whose molar percentages differed according to the extraction method used. The weight mean average molecular weight of fucoidans varied between 444 and 1184 kDa. The FT-IR spectroscopy confirmed the presence of sulfate esters by bending vibration of COS and stretching vibration of SO peaks at 818 and 1250 cm-1, respectively. Antibacterial assays showed that microwave- and subcritical water-extracted fucoidans inhibited the growth of E.coli and that enzyme-ultrasound, ultrasound-microwave and subcritical water extracted fucoidans exhibited inhibitory effects against P. aeruginosa at 2 mg/mL. Antiviral studies revealed that all the extracted fucoidans exerted strong antiviral activity against HSV-2 infection, with EC50 values in the 0.027-0.123 μg/mL range; indeed the viscozyme-extracted macromolecules displayed the best selectivity index.

Effect of different non-conventional extraction methods on the antibacterial and antiviral activity of fucoidans extracted from Nizamuddinia zanardinii

Rittà, Massimo;Donalisio, Manuela;Mariatti, Francesco;Lembo, David;Cravotto, Giancarlo
2019-01-01

Abstract

In the current study, fucoidans from brown alga Nizamuddinia zanardinii were isolated with conventional and non-conventional extraction procedures to evaluate the effects of recently introduced technologies on biochemical characteristics and saccharide composition of the extracts, along with their antibacterial, antiviral and cytotoxic properties. The results demonstrated that subcritical water extraction showed the highest fucoidans yield (13.15%), while the lowest yield was obtained using ultrasound extraction method (3.6%). The polysaccharide chains consisted of fucose, galactose, glucose, mannose and xylose, whose molar percentages differed according to the extraction method used. The weight mean average molecular weight of fucoidans varied between 444 and 1184 kDa. The FT-IR spectroscopy confirmed the presence of sulfate esters by bending vibration of COS and stretching vibration of SO peaks at 818 and 1250 cm-1, respectively. Antibacterial assays showed that microwave- and subcritical water-extracted fucoidans inhibited the growth of E.coli and that enzyme-ultrasound, ultrasound-microwave and subcritical water extracted fucoidans exhibited inhibitory effects against P. aeruginosa at 2 mg/mL. Antiviral studies revealed that all the extracted fucoidans exerted strong antiviral activity against HSV-2 infection, with EC50 values in the 0.027-0.123 μg/mL range; indeed the viscozyme-extracted macromolecules displayed the best selectivity index.
2019
124
131
137
www.elsevier.com/locate/ijbiomac
Antibacterial activity; Antiviral activity; Extraction methods; Fucoidans; Nizamuddinia zanardinii; Non-conventional techniques
Alboofetileh, Mehdi; Rezaei, Masoud; Tabarsa, Mehdi; Rittà, Massimo; Donalisio, Manuela; Mariatti, Francesco; You, SangGuan; Lembo, David; Cravotto, Giancarlo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1686222
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