The objective of this study was to develop and validate a fast method for typing the main mutations of bovine milk protein genes by using microarray technology. An approach based on the ligation detection reaction (LDR) and a universal array (UA) was used. Polymorphisms in both the coding and noncoding sequences of αS1-casein, β-casein, κ-casein, and β-lactoglobulin genes were considered because of their well-known effects on milk composition and cheese production. A total of 22 polymorphic sites, corresponding to 21 different variants, were included in the diagnostic microarray. First, a multiplex PCR was developed to amplify all the DNA target sequences simultaneously. Second, the LDR-UA assay was implemented. The method was validated by analyzing 100 Italian Friesian DNA samples, which were also genotyped by conventional methods both at the protein level by means of milk isoelectrofocusing and at the molecular level using PCR-RFLP and PCR- single strand conformation polymorphism techniques. The genotypes obtained using the LDR-UA approach were in full agreement with those obtained by the conventional analyses. The multiplex PCR-LDR-UA approach developed provides for an accurate, inexpensive, and high-throughput assay that does not exhibit false positive or false negative signals, thus making it highly suitable for animal genotyping.

Development of a single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping microarray platform for the identification of bovine milk protein genetic polymorphisms

Chessa S.;
2007

Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop and validate a fast method for typing the main mutations of bovine milk protein genes by using microarray technology. An approach based on the ligation detection reaction (LDR) and a universal array (UA) was used. Polymorphisms in both the coding and noncoding sequences of αS1-casein, β-casein, κ-casein, and β-lactoglobulin genes were considered because of their well-known effects on milk composition and cheese production. A total of 22 polymorphic sites, corresponding to 21 different variants, were included in the diagnostic microarray. First, a multiplex PCR was developed to amplify all the DNA target sequences simultaneously. Second, the LDR-UA assay was implemented. The method was validated by analyzing 100 Italian Friesian DNA samples, which were also genotyped by conventional methods both at the protein level by means of milk isoelectrofocusing and at the molecular level using PCR-RFLP and PCR- single strand conformation polymorphism techniques. The genotypes obtained using the LDR-UA approach were in full agreement with those obtained by the conventional analyses. The multiplex PCR-LDR-UA approach developed provides for an accurate, inexpensive, and high-throughput assay that does not exhibit false positive or false negative signals, thus making it highly suitable for animal genotyping.
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https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-34548370604&doi=10.3168%2fjds.S0022-0302%2807%2972647-4&partnerID=40&md5=58ba2ef973d376c0da2ad82d934b2e1c
milk protein gene, cattle, microarray
Chessa S., Chiatti F., Ceriotti G., Caroli A., Consoli C., Pagnacco G., Castiglioni B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1688969
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