The professional phagocyte Dictyostelium discoideum is a well-established model organism to study host-pathogen interactions. Dictyostelium amoebae grow as separate, independent cells; they divide by binary fission and take up bacteria and yeast via phagocytosis. In the year 2000, D. discoideum was described by two groups as a novel system for genetic analysis of host-pathogen interactions for the intracellular pathogen Legionella pneumophila. Since then additional microbial pathogens that can be studied in D. discoideum have been reported. The organism has various advantages for the dissection of the complex cross-talk between a host and a pathogen. A fully sequenced and well-curated genome is available, there are excellent molecular genetic tools on the market, and the generation of targeted multiple gene knock-outs as well as the realization of untargeted genetic screens is generally straightforward. Dictyostelium also offers easy cultivation, and the cells are suitable for cell biological studies, which in combination with in vivo expression of fluorescence-tagged proteins allows the investigation of the dynamics of bacterial uptake and infection. Furthermore, a large mutant collection is available at the Dictyostelium stock center, favoring the identification of host resistance or susceptibility genes. Here, we briefly describe strategies to identify host cell factors important during an infection, followed by protocols for cell culture and storage, uptake and infection, and confocal microscopy of infected cells.

Dictyostelium Host Response to Legionella Infection: Strategies and Assays

Bozzaro, Salvatore;Buracco, Simona;Peracino, Barbara;
2019

Abstract

The professional phagocyte Dictyostelium discoideum is a well-established model organism to study host-pathogen interactions. Dictyostelium amoebae grow as separate, independent cells; they divide by binary fission and take up bacteria and yeast via phagocytosis. In the year 2000, D. discoideum was described by two groups as a novel system for genetic analysis of host-pathogen interactions for the intracellular pathogen Legionella pneumophila. Since then additional microbial pathogens that can be studied in D. discoideum have been reported. The organism has various advantages for the dissection of the complex cross-talk between a host and a pathogen. A fully sequenced and well-curated genome is available, there are excellent molecular genetic tools on the market, and the generation of targeted multiple gene knock-outs as well as the realization of untargeted genetic screens is generally straightforward. Dictyostelium also offers easy cultivation, and the cells are suitable for cell biological studies, which in combination with in vivo expression of fluorescence-tagged proteins allows the investigation of the dynamics of bacterial uptake and infection. Furthermore, a large mutant collection is available at the Dictyostelium stock center, favoring the identification of host resistance or susceptibility genes. Here, we briefly describe strategies to identify host cell factors important during an infection, followed by protocols for cell culture and storage, uptake and infection, and confocal microscopy of infected cells.
Legionella. Methods and Protocols
NLM (Medline) Humana Press
Methods in Molecular Biology
1921
347
370
978-1-4939-9047-4
978-1-4939-9048-1
Amoeba; Confocal microscopy; Dictyostelium; Flow cytometry; Host-pathogen interaction; Infection; Legionella; Macropinocytosis; Phagocytosis; Uptake assay; Molecular Biology; Genetics
Bozzaro, Salvatore; Buracco, Simona; Peracino, Barbara; Eichinger, Ludwig
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1690304
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