Leaf deposition of PM10-100, PM2.5-10, PM0.2-2.5 and of 21 elements was investigated in a roadside vegetation barrier formed by i) two evergreen shrub species (Photinia x fraseri, Viburnum lucidum), with ii) two planting densities (0.5,1.0 plant m-2), at iii) three distances from the road (2.0, 5.5, 9.0 m), at iv) two heights from the ground (1.5, 3.0 m), and on v) three dates (Aug, Sep, Oct). The presence of black and brown on-leaf PM10-100 and their element composition were detected by microscopy and image analysis. Pollutant deposition was also measured using passive samplers at five distances from the road (2.0, 5.5, 9.0, 12.5, 19.5 m) in the area of the barrier and in an adjacent lawn area. V. lucidum had more PM2.5-10 and PM0.2-2.5 on leaves than P. x fraseri, while most elements were higher in P. x fraseri. Most pollutants decreased at increasing distances from the road and were higher at 1.5 m from the ground compared to 3.0 m. Higher planting density in P. x fraseri enhanced the deposition of PM10-100 and PM2.5-10, while in V. lucidum, the planting density did not affect the depositions. Black PM10-100 decreased a long distance from the road and was entirely composed of carbon and oxygen, which was thus identified as black carbon from fuel combustion. The vegetation barrier had a higher deposition of most PM fractions at 5.5-12.5 m, while in the lawn area, depositions did not change. At 19.5 m, the PM10-100 was 32% lower behind the barrier than in the lawn area. In conclusion, the vegetation barrier changed the deposition dynamics of pollutants compared to the lawn area. These results strengthen the role of vegetation barriers and shrub species against air pollution and may offer interesting insights for the use of new road green infrastructures to improve air quality.

Air pollution deposition on a roadside vegetation barrier in a Mediterranean environment: Combined effect of evergreen shrub species and planting density

Ginepro, M.;MASSA, DAVIDE;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Leaf deposition of PM10-100, PM2.5-10, PM0.2-2.5 and of 21 elements was investigated in a roadside vegetation barrier formed by i) two evergreen shrub species (Photinia x fraseri, Viburnum lucidum), with ii) two planting densities (0.5,1.0 plant m-2), at iii) three distances from the road (2.0, 5.5, 9.0 m), at iv) two heights from the ground (1.5, 3.0 m), and on v) three dates (Aug, Sep, Oct). The presence of black and brown on-leaf PM10-100 and their element composition were detected by microscopy and image analysis. Pollutant deposition was also measured using passive samplers at five distances from the road (2.0, 5.5, 9.0, 12.5, 19.5 m) in the area of the barrier and in an adjacent lawn area. V. lucidum had more PM2.5-10 and PM0.2-2.5 on leaves than P. x fraseri, while most elements were higher in P. x fraseri. Most pollutants decreased at increasing distances from the road and were higher at 1.5 m from the ground compared to 3.0 m. Higher planting density in P. x fraseri enhanced the deposition of PM10-100 and PM2.5-10, while in V. lucidum, the planting density did not affect the depositions. Black PM10-100 decreased a long distance from the road and was entirely composed of carbon and oxygen, which was thus identified as black carbon from fuel combustion. The vegetation barrier had a higher deposition of most PM fractions at 5.5-12.5 m, while in the lawn area, depositions did not change. At 19.5 m, the PM10-100 was 32% lower behind the barrier than in the lawn area. In conclusion, the vegetation barrier changed the deposition dynamics of pollutants compared to the lawn area. These results strengthen the role of vegetation barriers and shrub species against air pollution and may offer interesting insights for the use of new road green infrastructures to improve air quality.
2018
643
725
737
www.elsevier.com/locate/scitotenv
Element; Green infrastructure; Image analysis; Leaf deposition; Microscopy; Particulate matter; Environmental Engineering; Environmental Chemistry; Waste Management and Disposal; Pollution
Mori, J.*; Fini, A.; Galimberti, M.; Ginepro, M.; Burchi, G.; Massa, D.; Ferrini, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1691102
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