The assessment of the fractional vascular volume (v(V)) in the tumor area is of great interest in the characterization of tumor and it can be useful to monitor the outcome of anti-angiogenetic therapies. The high spatial and temporal resolution of Magnetic Resonance Imaging makes it the election imaging modality to monitor in vivo the vascular volume changes. Commonly used MRI methods to obtain this information rely on the administration of contrast agents that modify the bulk water relaxation times but, unfortunately, they can provide only an estimate of v(V) since they are not fully retained in the vascular space. Herein, Gd-loaded Red Blood Cells (Gd-RBCs) are proposed as a contrast agent able to provide quantitative information on tumor vascularization. Being Gd-RBCs fully retained in the vascular space, the proposed method does not suffer for the limitations associated to the use of extracellular Gd-agents that quickly extravasate in the leaky tumor vasculature. Furthermore, the long half-life and biocompatibility of Gd-RBCs allows repeating the measurement many times upon their administration; this ensures the possibility to in vivo evaluate the change of vascular volume during tumor growth. For these reasons, Gd-RBCs may represent a highly biocompatible imaging reporter of vasculature, able to quantitatively assess changes in the vascular volume in the ROI.

Gd-loaded-RBCs for the assessment of tumor vascular volume bycontrast-enhanced-MRI

FERRAUTO, GIUSEPPE
First
;
DI GREGORIO, ENZA;DASTRU', Walter;LANZARDO, Stefania;AIME, Silvio
2015

Abstract

The assessment of the fractional vascular volume (v(V)) in the tumor area is of great interest in the characterization of tumor and it can be useful to monitor the outcome of anti-angiogenetic therapies. The high spatial and temporal resolution of Magnetic Resonance Imaging makes it the election imaging modality to monitor in vivo the vascular volume changes. Commonly used MRI methods to obtain this information rely on the administration of contrast agents that modify the bulk water relaxation times but, unfortunately, they can provide only an estimate of v(V) since they are not fully retained in the vascular space. Herein, Gd-loaded Red Blood Cells (Gd-RBCs) are proposed as a contrast agent able to provide quantitative information on tumor vascularization. Being Gd-RBCs fully retained in the vascular space, the proposed method does not suffer for the limitations associated to the use of extracellular Gd-agents that quickly extravasate in the leaky tumor vasculature. Furthermore, the long half-life and biocompatibility of Gd-RBCs allows repeating the measurement many times upon their administration; this ensures the possibility to in vivo evaluate the change of vascular volume during tumor growth. For these reasons, Gd-RBCs may represent a highly biocompatible imaging reporter of vasculature, able to quantitatively assess changes in the vascular volume in the ROI.
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http://www.journals.elsevier.com/biomaterials/
Blood; Gadolinium complexes; Image analysis; Magnetic resonance imaging; Red blood cells; Vascular volume; Biomaterials; Bioengineering; Ceramics and Composites; Mechanics of Materials; Biophysics
Ferrauto, Giuseppe; Di Gregorio, Enza; Dastrù, Walter; Lanzardo, Stefania; Aime, Silvio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1692546
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