Breakthroughs in the synthesis of hybrid materials have led to the development of a plethora of chemiresistors that could operate at lower and lower temperatures. Herein, we report the fabrication of novel composite materials (SnO2-GO 4:1, 8:1 and 16:1) based on graphene oxide (GO) sheets decorated with tin dioxide nanoparticles, through a controlled chemical growth. We succeeded in obtaining widely spaced isles of the metal oxide on the carbonaceous material, thus enhancing the electron transfer process (i.e. favored convergent diffusion, as investigated through cyclic voltammetric analysis), which plays a pivotal role for the final sensing behavior. Indeed, only with SnO2-GO 16:1 sample, superior responses towards gaseous ethanol were observed both at 150 °C and at RT (by exploiting the UV light), with respect to pristine SnO2 and mechanically prepared SnO2(16)@GO material. Particularly, an improvement of the sensitivity (down to 10 ppb), response and recovery times (about of 60–70 s) was assessed. Besides, all the powders were finely characterized on structural (XRPD, FTIR and Raman spectroscopies), surface (active surface area, pores volume, XPS), morphological (SEM, TEM) and electrochemical (cyclic voltammetries) points of view, confirming the effective growth of SnO2 nanoparticles on the GO sheets.

An electrochemical outlook upon the gaseous ethanol sensing by graphene oxide-SnO 2 hybrid materials

Cerrato, G.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Breakthroughs in the synthesis of hybrid materials have led to the development of a plethora of chemiresistors that could operate at lower and lower temperatures. Herein, we report the fabrication of novel composite materials (SnO2-GO 4:1, 8:1 and 16:1) based on graphene oxide (GO) sheets decorated with tin dioxide nanoparticles, through a controlled chemical growth. We succeeded in obtaining widely spaced isles of the metal oxide on the carbonaceous material, thus enhancing the electron transfer process (i.e. favored convergent diffusion, as investigated through cyclic voltammetric analysis), which plays a pivotal role for the final sensing behavior. Indeed, only with SnO2-GO 16:1 sample, superior responses towards gaseous ethanol were observed both at 150 °C and at RT (by exploiting the UV light), with respect to pristine SnO2 and mechanically prepared SnO2(16)@GO material. Particularly, an improvement of the sensitivity (down to 10 ppb), response and recovery times (about of 60–70 s) was assessed. Besides, all the powders were finely characterized on structural (XRPD, FTIR and Raman spectroscopies), surface (active surface area, pores volume, XPS), morphological (SEM, TEM) and electrochemical (cyclic voltammetries) points of view, confirming the effective growth of SnO2 nanoparticles on the GO sheets.
2019
483
1081
1089
http://www.journals.elsevier.com/applied-surface-science/
Electron transfer; Ethanol; Gas sensor; Graphene oxide; Low temperature; Tin dioxide;
Pargoletti, E.; Tricoli, A.; Pifferi, V.; Orsini, S.; Longhi, M.; Guglielmi, V.; Cerrato, G.; Falciola, L.; Derudi, M.; Cappelletti, G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1701131
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