PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to evaluate the potential association between sociodemographic factors with clinical characteristics, vision-related quality of life (QoL), and glaucoma-related symptoms scores in a large cohort of primary open-angle glaucoma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multicenter, cross-sectional study involving academic and nonacademic centers. Previously diagnosed primary open-angle glaucoma patients aged >18 years were enrolled. At baseline, information on demographic characteristics, social, medical and ocular history, clinical presentation and treatments was collected. Vision-related QoL was evaluated by means of the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25), while glaucoma-related symptoms were evaluated using the Glaucoma Symptom Scale (GSS) questionnaire. The associations between sociodemographic factors with clinical characteristics (mean deviation, pattern standard deviation, best-corrected visual acuity), NEI-VFQ-25, and GSS scores were evaluated by means of univariate and multivariate general linear models. RESULTS: A total of 3227 patients were enrolled. Older age and male sex were significantly associated with lower mean deviation (P<0.01) and higher pattern standard deviation (P<0.01), whereas older age was associated with lower best-corrected visual acuity (P<0.01). The composite GSS score was related to age (P=0.02), sex (P<0.01), employment (P=0.01), and profession (P=0.04), while the total NEI-VFQ-25 score was associated with sex (P<0.01), marital status (P=0.02), and employment (P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Age and sex were significantly associated with almost all indicators of glaucoma severity at baseline. Other variables, such as employment, profession, and marital status were significantly associated with vision-related QoL scores.

Influence of sociodemographic factors on disease characteristics and vision-related quality of life in primary open-angle glaucoma patients: The Italian primary open angle glaucoma study (IPOAGS)

Legramandi, Lorenzo;Carchedi, T.;Talarico, S.;Rolle, T.;Bonacci, E.;Musolino, M.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to evaluate the potential association between sociodemographic factors with clinical characteristics, vision-related quality of life (QoL), and glaucoma-related symptoms scores in a large cohort of primary open-angle glaucoma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multicenter, cross-sectional study involving academic and nonacademic centers. Previously diagnosed primary open-angle glaucoma patients aged >18 years were enrolled. At baseline, information on demographic characteristics, social, medical and ocular history, clinical presentation and treatments was collected. Vision-related QoL was evaluated by means of the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25), while glaucoma-related symptoms were evaluated using the Glaucoma Symptom Scale (GSS) questionnaire. The associations between sociodemographic factors with clinical characteristics (mean deviation, pattern standard deviation, best-corrected visual acuity), NEI-VFQ-25, and GSS scores were evaluated by means of univariate and multivariate general linear models. RESULTS: A total of 3227 patients were enrolled. Older age and male sex were significantly associated with lower mean deviation (P<0.01) and higher pattern standard deviation (P<0.01), whereas older age was associated with lower best-corrected visual acuity (P<0.01). The composite GSS score was related to age (P=0.02), sex (P<0.01), employment (P=0.01), and profession (P=0.04), while the total NEI-VFQ-25 score was associated with sex (P<0.01), marital status (P=0.02), and employment (P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Age and sex were significantly associated with almost all indicators of glaucoma severity at baseline. Other variables, such as employment, profession, and marital status were significantly associated with vision-related QoL scores.
2018
27
9
776
784
http://journals.lww.com/glaucomajournal
glaucoma; quality of life; sociodemographic factors; Ophthalmology
Riva, Ivano; Legramandi, Lorenzo; Katsanos, Andreas; Oddone, Francesco; Rulli, Eliana; Roberti, Gloria; Quaranta, Luciano; Varano, L.; Carchedi, T.; Talarico, S.; Parravano, F.; Motolese, I.; Bagaglia, S.A.; Rossi, G.C.M.; Lateri, S.; Bossolesi, L.; Carmassi, L.; Rolle, T.; Piccini, R.; Ratiglia, R.; Rossi, A.; Gandolfi, S.; Tagliavini, V.; Ungaro, N.; Fossarello, M.; Cucca, A.; Zucca, I.; Uva, M.; Bonacci, E.; Cardarella, G.; Tognetto, D.; Vattovani, O.; Vallon, P.; Iannacone, F.; Fontana, Luigi; Marchi, S.; Manni, G.L.; Jannetta, D.; Rossetti, L.; Maggiolo, E.; Oneta, O.; Sborgia, C.; Cantatore, F.; Mastropasqua, L.; Agnifili, L.; Campos, E.; Gizzi, C.; Giannaccare, G.; Pucci, V.; Cassamali, M.; Costagliola, C.; Scotto, R.; Musolino, M.; Landi, L.; Bagnis, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1701632
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