This article focuses on ethical issues raised by increasing levels of autonomy for surgical robots. These ethical issues are explored mainly by reference to stateof- art case studies and imminent advances in Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) and Microsurgery. In both area, surgical workspace is limited and the required precision is high. For this reason, increasing levels of robotic autonomy can make a significant difference there, and ethically justified control sharing between humans and robots must be introduced. In particular, from a responsibility and accountability perspective suitable policies for the Meaningful Human Control (MHC) of increasingly autonomous surgical robots are proposed. It is highlighted how MHC should be modulated in accordance with various levels of autonomy for MIS and Microsurgery robots. Moreover, finer MHC distinctions are introduced to deal with contextual conditions concerning e.g. soft or rigid anatomical environments.

Autonomy in surgical robots and its meaningful human control

Arezzo, Alberto;
2019

Abstract

This article focuses on ethical issues raised by increasing levels of autonomy for surgical robots. These ethical issues are explored mainly by reference to stateof- art case studies and imminent advances in Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) and Microsurgery. In both area, surgical workspace is limited and the required precision is high. For this reason, increasing levels of robotic autonomy can make a significant difference there, and ethically justified control sharing between humans and robots must be introduced. In particular, from a responsibility and accountability perspective suitable policies for the Meaningful Human Control (MHC) of increasingly autonomous surgical robots are proposed. It is highlighted how MHC should be modulated in accordance with various levels of autonomy for MIS and Microsurgery robots. Moreover, finer MHC distinctions are introduced to deal with contextual conditions concerning e.g. soft or rigid anatomical environments.
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Ficuciello, Fanny; Tamburrini, Guglielmo; Arezzo, Alberto; Villani, Luigi; Siciliano, Bruno
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1702589
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