The Author(s). Acute kidney injury following traumatic brain injury is associated with poor outcome. We investigated in vitro the effects of plasma of brain injured patients with acute tubular kidney injury on kidney tubular epithelial cell function. we performed a prospective observational clinical study in ICU in a trauma centre of the University hospital in Italy including twenty-three ICU patients with traumatic brain injury consecutively enrolled. Demographic data were recorded on admission: age 39 ± 19, Glasgow Coma Score 5 (3–8). Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin and inflammatory mediators were measured in plasma on admission and after 24, 48 and 72 hours; urine were collected for immunoelectrophoresis having healthy volunteers as controls. Human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells were stimulated with patients or controls plasma. Adhesion of freshly isolated human neutrophils and trans-epithelial electrical resistance were assessed; cell viability (XTT assay), apoptosis (TUNEL staining), Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin and Megalin expression (quantitative real-time PCR) were measured. All patients with normal serum creatinine showed increased plasmatic Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin and increased urinary Retinol Binding Protein and α1-microglobulin. Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin was significantly correlated with both inflammatory mediators and markers of tubular damage. Patient’ plasma incubated with tubular cells significantly increased adhesion of neutrophils, reduced trans-epithelial electrical resistance, exerted a cytotoxic effect and triggered apoptosis and down-regulated the endocytic receptor Megalin compared to control. Plasma of brain injured patients with increased markers of subclinical acute kidney induced a pro-inflammatory phenotype, cellular dysfunction and apoptotic death in tubular epithelial cells.

Acute Tubular Injury is Associated With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: in Vitro Study on Human Tubular Epithelial Cells

Civiletti F;Assenzio B;Mazzeo AT;Medica D;Giaretta F;Deambrosis I;Fanelli V;Ranieri VM;Cantaluppi V;
2019

Abstract

The Author(s). Acute kidney injury following traumatic brain injury is associated with poor outcome. We investigated in vitro the effects of plasma of brain injured patients with acute tubular kidney injury on kidney tubular epithelial cell function. we performed a prospective observational clinical study in ICU in a trauma centre of the University hospital in Italy including twenty-three ICU patients with traumatic brain injury consecutively enrolled. Demographic data were recorded on admission: age 39 ± 19, Glasgow Coma Score 5 (3–8). Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin and inflammatory mediators were measured in plasma on admission and after 24, 48 and 72 hours; urine were collected for immunoelectrophoresis having healthy volunteers as controls. Human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells were stimulated with patients or controls plasma. Adhesion of freshly isolated human neutrophils and trans-epithelial electrical resistance were assessed; cell viability (XTT assay), apoptosis (TUNEL staining), Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin and Megalin expression (quantitative real-time PCR) were measured. All patients with normal serum creatinine showed increased plasmatic Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin and increased urinary Retinol Binding Protein and α1-microglobulin. Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin was significantly correlated with both inflammatory mediators and markers of tubular damage. Patient’ plasma incubated with tubular cells significantly increased adhesion of neutrophils, reduced trans-epithelial electrical resistance, exerted a cytotoxic effect and triggered apoptosis and down-regulated the endocytic receptor Megalin compared to control. Plasma of brain injured patients with increased markers of subclinical acute kidney induced a pro-inflammatory phenotype, cellular dysfunction and apoptotic death in tubular epithelial cells.
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Acute Kidney Injury | Lipocalins | Neutrophil gelatinase-associated
Civiletti F, Assenzio B, Mazzeo AT, Medica D, Giaretta F, Deambrosis I, Fanelli V, Ranieri VM, Cantaluppi V, Mascia L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1706015
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