Objectives: Due to the inconclusive findings on the effect of laser therapy in the management of peri-implant diseases, the aim of this study was to analyze the adjunctive clinical efficacy of 980-nm diode laser (DL) irradiation in the treatment of peri-implant mucositis with mechanical debridement. Material and methods: Two hundred and twenty patients with one implant diagnosed with peri-implant mucositis (probing depth (PD) ≥ 4 mm and bleeding on probing (BoP) (primary outcome)) were randomly allocated to test and control treatments. Patients in the control group (n = 110) received debridement using curettes and ultrasonic devices, while patients allocated in the test group (n = 110) received mechanical therapy in combination with DL irradiation (setting 980 nm, 2.5 W, 10 KHz, pw, 30 s). BoP, presence of plaque and PD were recorded at baseline, 1 month and 3 months after treatment. Results: Both therapeutic modalities yielded similar clinical improvements with comparable reductions in the number of BoP-positive sites, plaque scores and PD values at 3 months (all P-values > 0.05). Complete disease resolution was obtained in 38/110 (34.5%) implants in the test group compared with 34/110 (30.9 %) implants in the control group at the end of the observation period. Conclusion: Based on these results, the adjunct use of DL did not yield any statistically significant clinical benefit as compared to non-surgical mechanical treatment alone in controlling peri-implant inflammation at 3 months.

Adjunctive efficacy of diode laser in the treatment of peri-implant mucositis with mechanical therapy: A randomized clinical trial

Aimetti M.
First
;
Romano F.
2019

Abstract

Objectives: Due to the inconclusive findings on the effect of laser therapy in the management of peri-implant diseases, the aim of this study was to analyze the adjunctive clinical efficacy of 980-nm diode laser (DL) irradiation in the treatment of peri-implant mucositis with mechanical debridement. Material and methods: Two hundred and twenty patients with one implant diagnosed with peri-implant mucositis (probing depth (PD) ≥ 4 mm and bleeding on probing (BoP) (primary outcome)) were randomly allocated to test and control treatments. Patients in the control group (n = 110) received debridement using curettes and ultrasonic devices, while patients allocated in the test group (n = 110) received mechanical therapy in combination with DL irradiation (setting 980 nm, 2.5 W, 10 KHz, pw, 30 s). BoP, presence of plaque and PD were recorded at baseline, 1 month and 3 months after treatment. Results: Both therapeutic modalities yielded similar clinical improvements with comparable reductions in the number of BoP-positive sites, plaque scores and PD values at 3 months (all P-values > 0.05). Complete disease resolution was obtained in 38/110 (34.5%) implants in the test group compared with 34/110 (30.9 %) implants in the control group at the end of the observation period. Conclusion: Based on these results, the adjunct use of DL did not yield any statistically significant clinical benefit as compared to non-surgical mechanical treatment alone in controlling peri-implant inflammation at 3 months.
30
5
429
438
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1600-0501
decontamination; dental implant; diode laser; inflammation; mucositis
Aimetti M.; Mariani G.M.; Ferrarotti F.; Ercoli E.; Liu C.C.; Romano F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1710809
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