Debris flows occur in mountainous areas characterized by steep slope and occasional severe rainstorms. The massive urbanization in these areas raised the importance of studying and mitigating these phenomena. Concerning the strategy of protection, it is fundamental to evaluate both the effect of the magnitude (that concerns the definition of the hazard), in terms of mobilized volume and travel distance, and the best technical protection structures (that concerns the mitigation measures) to reduce the existing risk to an acceptable residual one. In particular, the mitigation measure design requires the evaluation of the effects of debris flow impact forces against them. In other words, once it is established that mitigation structures are required, the impacting pressure shall be evaluated and it should be verified that it does not exceed barrier resistance. In this paper, the author wants to focus on the definition and the evaluation of the impacting load of debris flows on protection structures: a critical review of main existing models and equations treated in scientific literature is here presented. Although most of these equations are based on solid physical basis, they are always affected by an empirical nature due to the presence of coefficients for fitting the numerical results with laboratory and, less frequently, field data. The predicting capability of these equations, namely the capability of fitting experimental/field data, is analysed and evaluated using ten different datasets available in scientific literature. The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the existing debris flow impact models, highlighting their strong points and limits. Moreover, this paper could have a practical aspect by helping engineers in the choice of the best technical solution and the safe design of debris flow protection structures. Existing design guidelines for debris flow protection barrier have been analysed. Finally, starting from the analysis of the hydro-static model response to fit field data and introducing some practical assumptions, an empirical formula is proposed for taking into account the dynamic effects of the phenomenon.

Design of active debris flow mitigation measures: a comprehensive analysis of existing impact models

Vagnon, Federico
2019

Abstract

Debris flows occur in mountainous areas characterized by steep slope and occasional severe rainstorms. The massive urbanization in these areas raised the importance of studying and mitigating these phenomena. Concerning the strategy of protection, it is fundamental to evaluate both the effect of the magnitude (that concerns the definition of the hazard), in terms of mobilized volume and travel distance, and the best technical protection structures (that concerns the mitigation measures) to reduce the existing risk to an acceptable residual one. In particular, the mitigation measure design requires the evaluation of the effects of debris flow impact forces against them. In other words, once it is established that mitigation structures are required, the impacting pressure shall be evaluated and it should be verified that it does not exceed barrier resistance. In this paper, the author wants to focus on the definition and the evaluation of the impacting load of debris flows on protection structures: a critical review of main existing models and equations treated in scientific literature is here presented. Although most of these equations are based on solid physical basis, they are always affected by an empirical nature due to the presence of coefficients for fitting the numerical results with laboratory and, less frequently, field data. The predicting capability of these equations, namely the capability of fitting experimental/field data, is analysed and evaluated using ten different datasets available in scientific literature. The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the existing debris flow impact models, highlighting their strong points and limits. Moreover, this paper could have a practical aspect by helping engineers in the choice of the best technical solution and the safe design of debris flow protection structures. Existing design guidelines for debris flow protection barrier have been analysed. Finally, starting from the analysis of the hydro-static model response to fit field data and introducing some practical assumptions, an empirical formula is proposed for taking into account the dynamic effects of the phenomenon.
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Debris flow, Impact models, Landslide-structure interaction, Predicting capability
Vagnon, Federico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1711799
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