The physical properties of silicate melts are of critical importance for understanding magmatic and volcanic processes on Earth and other planets. Most physical properties of melts are, ultimately, a consequence of the structural organization of the melt. Robust and fully generalizable strategies for the prediction of properties of naturally occurring melts as functions of composition, temperature, and pressure remain a challenging goal. Given the structural origin of macroscopic properties, Raman spectroscopy of glasses, which provides information on melt and glass structure, may provide a useful technique to understanding and quantify variations in macroscopic melt properties. Here, with the aim of providing a generalizable model for predicting the viscosity of silicate melts, we present the results of a Raman spectroscopy campaign performed on 30 anhydrous multicomponent silicate glasses resulting from quenching of remelted and homogenized volcanic rocks and synthetic equivalents. The sample suite comprises one of the largest databases of multicomponent melts for which (a) chemical compositions and (b) physical properties (i.e., viscosity, fragility, heat capacity, and glass transition temperature) are known. Raman spectra have been collected using green light sources at wavelengths of 532 nm. Spectra were collected on the same sample suite in four independent laboratories involving instruments from different manufacturers and, thus, using different spectrometers, detectors, and analytical conditions. Our results are also compared and integrated with published data on some of the same samples derived from two others setups using green light sources with 514.5 and 532 nm wavelegths. For the same sample, the Raman spectra acquired using different setups show different intensities and intensity ratios. However, a strategy based on the ratio between the low‐ and high‐wavenumber peaks (R) was developed to standardize the data to normalized Raman ratios (Rn) and thus to remove interlaboratory differences. Using these advances, we predict melt viscosity solely with the use of Raman spectral measurements of multicomponent silicate glasses, thus demonstrating the potential of the method in describing physical properties of silicate melts.

A calibrated database of Raman spectra for natural silicate glasses: implications for modelling melt physical properties

Giordano D.;GONZALEZ GARCIA, Diego;RUSSELL, James Kelly;BERSANI, DANILO;Ferrando S.;
2019

Abstract

The physical properties of silicate melts are of critical importance for understanding magmatic and volcanic processes on Earth and other planets. Most physical properties of melts are, ultimately, a consequence of the structural organization of the melt. Robust and fully generalizable strategies for the prediction of properties of naturally occurring melts as functions of composition, temperature, and pressure remain a challenging goal. Given the structural origin of macroscopic properties, Raman spectroscopy of glasses, which provides information on melt and glass structure, may provide a useful technique to understanding and quantify variations in macroscopic melt properties. Here, with the aim of providing a generalizable model for predicting the viscosity of silicate melts, we present the results of a Raman spectroscopy campaign performed on 30 anhydrous multicomponent silicate glasses resulting from quenching of remelted and homogenized volcanic rocks and synthetic equivalents. The sample suite comprises one of the largest databases of multicomponent melts for which (a) chemical compositions and (b) physical properties (i.e., viscosity, fragility, heat capacity, and glass transition temperature) are known. Raman spectra have been collected using green light sources at wavelengths of 532 nm. Spectra were collected on the same sample suite in four independent laboratories involving instruments from different manufacturers and, thus, using different spectrometers, detectors, and analytical conditions. Our results are also compared and integrated with published data on some of the same samples derived from two others setups using green light sources with 514.5 and 532 nm wavelegths. For the same sample, the Raman spectra acquired using different setups show different intensities and intensity ratios. However, a strategy based on the ratio between the low‐ and high‐wavenumber peaks (R) was developed to standardize the data to normalized Raman ratios (Rn) and thus to remove interlaboratory differences. Using these advances, we predict melt viscosity solely with the use of Raman spectral measurements of multicomponent silicate glasses, thus demonstrating the potential of the method in describing physical properties of silicate melts.
1
17
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1097-4555
glasses; Raman spectroscopy; silicate-melts; viscosity
Giordano D.; Gonzalez-Garcia D.; Russell J.K.; Raneri S.; Bersani D.; Fornasini L.; Di Genova D.; Ferrando S.; Kaliwoda M.; Lottici P.P.; Smit M.; Dingwell D.B.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Giordano_et_al_2019.pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 1.8 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.8 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1712867
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact