The first step of glioma treatment is surgery. Extent of resection (EOR) improves patient survival if surgery does not negatively impair a patient's neurological status. However, how surgery affects the patient's quality of life (QOL) has been less studied, especially as regards cognitive aspects. In our study, we retrospectively analyzed our cases with awake surgery. In all patients, surgical excision was stopped when active functions were intraoperatively identified. A neuropsychological assessment was performed both before and after surgery (5 days and 1 month after). Writing, motor speech, comprehension, expression, reading, pragmatics, attention, memory, problem solving and visuoperceptive functions were evaluated and scored with the NOMS scale. We found no differences in the median values of writing and motor speech, while there was a difference in the following variables: comprehension, expression, reading, pragmatics, attention, memory, problem solving and visuoperceptive functions. Moreover, the Dunn test did not show any difference between preoperative evaluation and evaluation performed 30 days after surgery regarding comprehension, expression, reading, pragmatics, attention, problem solving and visuoperceptive functions. However, there was a difference between preoperative and postoperative evaluation for memory. This retrospective study shows that awake surgery could be a reasonable possibility to preserve a patient's QOL achieving an EOR >82% of the Total Tumor Volume (Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) hyperintense region in low-grade gliomas and enhancing nodules plus FLAIR hyperintense region in high-grade gliomas). In this series memory was the only aspect that had an impairment after surgery without a complete recovery at one month after surgery.

Glioma surgery: From preservation of motor skills to conservation of cognitive functions

Altieri R.;Cofano F.;Zeppa P.;Monticelli M.;Melcarne A.;Zenga F.;Garbossa D.;
2019

Abstract

The first step of glioma treatment is surgery. Extent of resection (EOR) improves patient survival if surgery does not negatively impair a patient's neurological status. However, how surgery affects the patient's quality of life (QOL) has been less studied, especially as regards cognitive aspects. In our study, we retrospectively analyzed our cases with awake surgery. In all patients, surgical excision was stopped when active functions were intraoperatively identified. A neuropsychological assessment was performed both before and after surgery (5 days and 1 month after). Writing, motor speech, comprehension, expression, reading, pragmatics, attention, memory, problem solving and visuoperceptive functions were evaluated and scored with the NOMS scale. We found no differences in the median values of writing and motor speech, while there was a difference in the following variables: comprehension, expression, reading, pragmatics, attention, memory, problem solving and visuoperceptive functions. Moreover, the Dunn test did not show any difference between preoperative evaluation and evaluation performed 30 days after surgery regarding comprehension, expression, reading, pragmatics, attention, problem solving and visuoperceptive functions. However, there was a difference between preoperative and postoperative evaluation for memory. This retrospective study shows that awake surgery could be a reasonable possibility to preserve a patient's QOL achieving an EOR >82% of the Total Tumor Volume (Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) hyperintense region in low-grade gliomas and enhancing nodules plus FLAIR hyperintense region in high-grade gliomas). In this series memory was the only aspect that had an impairment after surgery without a complete recovery at one month after surgery.
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http://www.elsevier.com/inca/publications/store/6/2/3/0/5/6/index.htt
Awake surgery; Brain tumor; Cognitive evaluation; Glioblastoma; Glioma; Quality of life
Altieri R.; Raimondo S.; Tiddia C.; Sammarco D.; Cofano F.; Zeppa P.; Monticelli M.; Melcarne A.; Junemann C.; Zenga F.; Savastano R.; Garbossa D.; Certo F.; Barbagallo G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1713644
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