Tenofovir disoproxyl fumarate (TDF) has been associated with renal tubular abnormalities, phosphaturia and proteinuria (retinol binding protein, RBP, loss): vitamin D (VD) and PTH affect these markers. Aim was to understand if some single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were predictors of renal abnormalities in an Italian cohort of HIV-affected patients. DNA was analyzed through real-time PCR, urinary RBP corrected by creatinine (uRBP/Cr). The majority of patients received TDF. Abnormal uRBP/Cr was more frequent in TDF recipients: eGFR <90 mL/min and TDF were predictors in the whole cohort, whereas eGFR <90 mL/min, TDF concentrations and CYP24A1-3999TT in TDF-treated patients. Phosphate levels were higher low VD level patients: age <50 years, CYP27B1 + 2838CC genotype and non-European ancestry were predictors. PTH levels were border-line higher in TDF patients: non-European ancestry, females, TDF, VD levels < 30 ng/mL and SLC28A2-124CT/TT and ABCC2-24CC were predictors. For the first time, SNPs were associated with PTH, phosphate, calcium and tubular dysfunction in HIV-infected patients.

Pharmacogenetic determinants of kidney-associated urinary and serum abnormalities in antiretroviral-treated HIV-positive patients

Cusato, Jessica;Calcagno, Andrea
Co-first
;
Marinaro, Letizia;Avataneo, Valeria;DʹAvolio, Antonio;Di Perri, Giovanni;Bonora, Stefano
Last
2019

Abstract

Tenofovir disoproxyl fumarate (TDF) has been associated with renal tubular abnormalities, phosphaturia and proteinuria (retinol binding protein, RBP, loss): vitamin D (VD) and PTH affect these markers. Aim was to understand if some single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were predictors of renal abnormalities in an Italian cohort of HIV-affected patients. DNA was analyzed through real-time PCR, urinary RBP corrected by creatinine (uRBP/Cr). The majority of patients received TDF. Abnormal uRBP/Cr was more frequent in TDF recipients: eGFR <90 mL/min and TDF were predictors in the whole cohort, whereas eGFR <90 mL/min, TDF concentrations and CYP24A1-3999TT in TDF-treated patients. Phosphate levels were higher low VD level patients: age <50 years, CYP27B1 + 2838CC genotype and non-European ancestry were predictors. PTH levels were border-line higher in TDF patients: non-European ancestry, females, TDF, VD levels < 30 ng/mL and SLC28A2-124CT/TT and ABCC2-24CC were predictors. For the first time, SNPs were associated with PTH, phosphate, calcium and tubular dysfunction in HIV-infected patients.
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Cusato, Jessica; Calcagno, Andrea; Marinaro, Letizia; Avataneo, Valeria; DʹAvolio, Antonio; Di Perri, Giovanni; Bonora, Stefano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1718216
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