It is well known that intense synchrotron beams can alter the state of materials, but this effect is generally considered undesired radiation damage. The effect of local irradiation of TiO2 rutile single crystals is investigated by a 56 × 57 nm2 synchrotron X-ray nanobeam at 17.4 keV. Aside from a transient increase of conductivity due to a photovoltaic-like process, a nonvolatile localized change of resistance by about 4 orders of magnitude is measured after X-ray exposure. This effect can be ascribed to the local generation of oxygen vacancies by the X-ray nanoprobe, which are subsequently ordered by the electric field applied during the acquisition of I–V curves. These results demonstrate that intense synchrotron beams can create oxygen vacancies in materials with tightly bound oxygen atoms, highlighting that X-ray nanoprobes could become an effective tool for oxide nanofabrication, able to locally tune the material resistivity. For instance, since the localized presence and migration of oxygen vacancies is an essential requisite for redox-based memristive devices, the possibility to locally induce oxygen vacancies could represent a novel tool for the production of oxide-based memristive devices, replacing the problematic electroforming step.

Tailoring the Local Conductivity of TiO2 by X-Ray Nanobeam Irradiation

Mino L.;Bonino V.;Picollo F.;Agostino A.;Truccato M.
2019

Abstract

It is well known that intense synchrotron beams can alter the state of materials, but this effect is generally considered undesired radiation damage. The effect of local irradiation of TiO2 rutile single crystals is investigated by a 56 × 57 nm2 synchrotron X-ray nanobeam at 17.4 keV. Aside from a transient increase of conductivity due to a photovoltaic-like process, a nonvolatile localized change of resistance by about 4 orders of magnitude is measured after X-ray exposure. This effect can be ascribed to the local generation of oxygen vacancies by the X-ray nanoprobe, which are subsequently ordered by the electric field applied during the acquisition of I–V curves. These results demonstrate that intense synchrotron beams can create oxygen vacancies in materials with tightly bound oxygen atoms, highlighting that X-ray nanoprobes could become an effective tool for oxide nanofabrication, able to locally tune the material resistivity. For instance, since the localized presence and migration of oxygen vacancies is an essential requisite for redox-based memristive devices, the possibility to locally induce oxygen vacancies could represent a novel tool for the production of oxide-based memristive devices, replacing the problematic electroforming step.
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1900129
1900135
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)2199-160X
conductive AFM; maskless X-ray patterning; oxygen vacancies; resistive switching; synchrotron X-ray nanoprobe
Mino L.; Bonino V.; Picollo F.; Fretto M.; Agostino A.; Truccato M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1721592
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