Humic-like substances (HLS) have been demonstrated to be useful auxiliaries to drive the (photo)- Fenton process at mild pH, by avoiding iron inactivation via formation of active complexes. However, the actual perform- ance of the process is affected by a manifold of opposite processes. In this work, the generation of hydroxyl radical-like reactive species in the Fenton-like process has been investigated using electron paramagnetic resonance, employ- ing 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide as a probe molecule. The signal obtained with the Fe(II)−HLS−H2O2 system at pH = 5 was very intense but decreased with time, in line with the difficult reduction of the formed Fe(III) to Fe(II). On the contrary, the signal of the Fe(III)−HLS−H2O2 system was weak but stable. The most intense signal was observed at HLS concentration of ca. 30 mg/L. Interestingly, the performance of the Fenton system at pH = 5 to degrade caffeine followed the same trends, although caffeine removal was very low after 1 h of irradiation. The results were more evident in a solar simulated photo-Fenton process, where an increase in the abatement of caffeine was observed until an HLS concentration of 30 mg/L, where 98% removal was reached after 1 h.

Unveiling the Dependence between Hydroxyl Radical Generation and Performance of Fenton Systems with Complexed Iron

Laurenti E.;
2019

Abstract

Humic-like substances (HLS) have been demonstrated to be useful auxiliaries to drive the (photo)- Fenton process at mild pH, by avoiding iron inactivation via formation of active complexes. However, the actual perform- ance of the process is affected by a manifold of opposite processes. In this work, the generation of hydroxyl radical-like reactive species in the Fenton-like process has been investigated using electron paramagnetic resonance, employ- ing 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide as a probe molecule. The signal obtained with the Fe(II)−HLS−H2O2 system at pH = 5 was very intense but decreased with time, in line with the difficult reduction of the formed Fe(III) to Fe(II). On the contrary, the signal of the Fe(III)−HLS−H2O2 system was weak but stable. The most intense signal was observed at HLS concentration of ca. 30 mg/L. Interestingly, the performance of the Fenton system at pH = 5 to degrade caffeine followed the same trends, although caffeine removal was very low after 1 h of irradiation. The results were more evident in a solar simulated photo-Fenton process, where an increase in the abatement of caffeine was observed until an HLS concentration of 30 mg/L, where 98% removal was reached after 1 h.
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pubs.acs.org/journal/acsodf
Garcia-Negueroles P.; Garcia-Ballesteros S.; Amat A.M.; Laurenti E.; Arques A.; Santos-Juanes L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1722063
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