This paper aimed to assess how four different and representative dental implant surfaces (machined MAC, grit blasted GB, acid etched AE and grit blasted acid etched GBAE) could affect cell adhesion possibly modulating protein adsorption and a paramount cell receptor such as α5ß1 integrin. Based on non-contact 3D profilometry, GBAE was rougher than the other surfaces, while GB and AE reached similar intermediate Sa values and MAC resulted the smoothest one. According to X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy, all the surfaces showed amorphous titania with similar amounts of carbon contaminants. The lesser protein adsorption and delayed cell adhesion of GB, which did not hinder cell proliferation, were correlated to the altered dispersive to polar SE ratio, that was at least double-fold for GB (2.6) compared to MAC (0.8), SL (1.3) and AE (1.2). The biological response in vitro relied on β1 integrin activation that cooperated with the putative mechano-protein transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) in determining the adhesion of the osteoblasts. In fact, it could be rescued by over activating β1 integrin. On the other hand, silencing TRPV4 strongly inhibited cell adhesion on selected substrates, proving the role of this protein in mediating osteoblasts adhesion on titanium substrates.

Beta1-integrin and TRPV4 are involved in osteoblast adhesion to different titanium surface topographies

Mussano Federico
First
;
Genova Tullio;Scarpellino Giorgia;Fiorio Pla Alessandra;Munaron Luca;Carossa Stefano
Last
2020

Abstract

This paper aimed to assess how four different and representative dental implant surfaces (machined MAC, grit blasted GB, acid etched AE and grit blasted acid etched GBAE) could affect cell adhesion possibly modulating protein adsorption and a paramount cell receptor such as α5ß1 integrin. Based on non-contact 3D profilometry, GBAE was rougher than the other surfaces, while GB and AE reached similar intermediate Sa values and MAC resulted the smoothest one. According to X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy, all the surfaces showed amorphous titania with similar amounts of carbon contaminants. The lesser protein adsorption and delayed cell adhesion of GB, which did not hinder cell proliferation, were correlated to the altered dispersive to polar SE ratio, that was at least double-fold for GB (2.6) compared to MAC (0.8), SL (1.3) and AE (1.2). The biological response in vitro relied on β1 integrin activation that cooperated with the putative mechano-protein transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) in determining the adhesion of the osteoblasts. In fact, it could be rescued by over activating β1 integrin. On the other hand, silencing TRPV4 strongly inhibited cell adhesion on selected substrates, proving the role of this protein in mediating osteoblasts adhesion on titanium substrates.
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Mussano Federico, Genova Tullio, Laurenti Marco, Gaglioti Deborah, Scarpellino Giorgia, Rivolo Paola, Faga Maria Giulia, Fiorio Pla Alessandra, Munaron Luca, Mandracci Pietro, Carossa Stefano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1722503
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