Despite remarkable advances in the treatment of multiple myeloma in the last decades, the prognosis of patients harboring high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities remains dismal as compared to that of standard-risk patients. Proteasome inhibitors demonstrated to partially ameliorate the prognosis of high-risk patients. We pooled together data from two phase I/II trials on transplant-ineligible patients with multiple myeloma receiving upfront carfilzomib cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone followed by carfilzomib maintenance. The aim of this analysis was to compare treatment outcomes in patients with standard- versus high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis. High risk was defined by the presence of at least one chromosomal abnormality, including t(4;14), del17p and t(14;16). Overall, 94 patients were included in the analysis: 57 (61%) in the standard-risk and 37 (39%) in the high-risk group. Median follow-up was 38 months. In standard- vs. high-risk patients, we observed similar progression-free survival (3-year PFS: 52% vs. 43%, respectively; p=0.50), overall survival (3-year OS: 78% vs. 73%; p=0.38), and overall response rate (88% vs 95%; p=0.47), with no statistical differences between the two groups. No difference in terms of progression-free survival was observed between patients with or without del17p. Carfilzomib, used both as induction and maintenance agent for transplant-ineligible newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients, mitigated the poor prognosis carried by high-risk cytogenetics and resulted into similar progression-free survival and overall survival, as compared to standard-risk patients. ClinicalTrials.gov IDs: NCT01857115 (IST-CAR-561) and NCT01346787 (IST-CAR-506).

Carfilzomib, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone for newly diagnosed, high-risk myeloma patients not eligible for transplant: a pooled analysis of two studies

Mina, Roberto
First
;
Bonello, Francesca;Capra, Andrea;Palumbo, Antonio;Boccadoro, Mario;Bringhen, Sara
Last
2021

Abstract

Despite remarkable advances in the treatment of multiple myeloma in the last decades, the prognosis of patients harboring high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities remains dismal as compared to that of standard-risk patients. Proteasome inhibitors demonstrated to partially ameliorate the prognosis of high-risk patients. We pooled together data from two phase I/II trials on transplant-ineligible patients with multiple myeloma receiving upfront carfilzomib cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone followed by carfilzomib maintenance. The aim of this analysis was to compare treatment outcomes in patients with standard- versus high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis. High risk was defined by the presence of at least one chromosomal abnormality, including t(4;14), del17p and t(14;16). Overall, 94 patients were included in the analysis: 57 (61%) in the standard-risk and 37 (39%) in the high-risk group. Median follow-up was 38 months. In standard- vs. high-risk patients, we observed similar progression-free survival (3-year PFS: 52% vs. 43%, respectively; p=0.50), overall survival (3-year OS: 78% vs. 73%; p=0.38), and overall response rate (88% vs 95%; p=0.47), with no statistical differences between the two groups. No difference in terms of progression-free survival was observed between patients with or without del17p. Carfilzomib, used both as induction and maintenance agent for transplant-ineligible newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients, mitigated the poor prognosis carried by high-risk cytogenetics and resulted into similar progression-free survival and overall survival, as compared to standard-risk patients. ClinicalTrials.gov IDs: NCT01857115 (IST-CAR-561) and NCT01346787 (IST-CAR-506).
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http://www.haematologica.org/content/early/2020/02/21/haematol.2019.243428.full.pdf+html
Multiple Myeloma; carfilzomib; cyclophosphamide; dexamethasone; high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities
Mina, Roberto; Bonello, Francesca; Petrucci, Maria Teresa; Liberati, Anna Marina; Conticello, Concetta; Ballanti, Stelvio; Musto, Pellegrino; Olivieri, Attilio; Benevolo, Giulia; Capra, Andrea; Gilestro, Milena; Galieni, Piero; Cavo, Michele; Siniscalchi, Agostina; Palumbo, Antonio; Montefusco, Vittorio; Gaidano, Gianluca; Omedé, Paola; Boccadoro, Mario; Bringhen, Sara
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Descrizione: [Published Vsn] This is the published version of the following contribution: / Questa è la versione dell'editore del seguente contributo: Mina R, Bonello F, Petrucci MT, Liberati AM, Conticello C, Ballanti S, Musto P, Olivieri A, Benevolo G, Capra A, Gilestro M, Galieni P, Cavo M, Siniscalchi A, Palumbo A, Montefusco V, Gaidano G, Omedé P, Boccadoro M, Bringhen S. Carfilzomib, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone for newly diagnosed, high-risk myeloma patients not eligible for transplant: a pooled analysis of two studies. Haematologica. 2021 Apr 1;106(4):1079-1085. doi: 10.3324/haematol.2019.243428. PMID: 32107329; PMCID: PMC8018137. ©2021 Ferrata Storti Foundation. Available at the following URL / disponibile all’URL: https://haematologica.org/article/view/9683 | https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32107329/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1732768
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