Background: A limited number of studies have addressed the role of intrapartum ultrasound in the prediction of the mode of delivery in women with prolonged second stage of labor. Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the role of transabdominal and transperineal sonographic findings in the prediction of spontaneous vaginal delivery among nulliparous women with prolonged second stage of labor. Study Design: This was a 2-center prospective study conducted at 2 tertiary maternity units. Nulliparous women with a prolonged active second stage of labor, as defined by active pushing lasting more than 120 minutes, were eligible for inclusion. Transabdominal ultrasound to evaluate the fetal head position and transperineal ultrasound for the measurement of the midline angle, the head-perineum distance, and the head-symphysis distance were performed in between uterine contractions and maternal pushes. At transperineal ultrasound the angle of progression was measured at rest and at the peak of maternal pushing effort. The delta angle of progression was defined as the difference between the angle of progression measured during active pushing at the peak of maternal effort and the angle of progression at rest. The sonographic findings of women who had spontaneous vaginal delivery vs those who required obstetric intervention, either vacuum extraction or cesarean delivery, were evaluated and compared. Results: Overall, 109 were women included. Spontaneous vaginal delivery and obstetric intervention were recorded in 40 (36.7%) and 69 (63.3%) patients, respectively. Spontaneous vaginal delivery was associated with a higher rate of occiput anterior position (90% vs 53.2%, P < .0001), lower head-perineum distance and head-symphysis distance (33.2 ± 7.8 mm vs 40.1 ± 9.5 mm, P = .001, and 13.1 ± 4.6 mm vs 19.5 ± 8.4 mm, P < .001, respectively), narrower midline angle (29.6° ± 15.3° vs 54.2° ± 23.6°, P < .001) and wider angle of progression at the acme of the pushing effort (153.3° ± 19.8° vs 141.8° ± 25.7°, P = .02) and delta-angle of progression (17.3° ± 12.9° vs 12.5° ± 11.0°, P = .04). At logistic regression analysis, only the midline angle and the head-symphysis distance proved to be independent predictors of spontaneous vaginal delivery. More specifically, the area under the curve for the prediction of spontaneous vaginal delivery was 0.80, 95% confidence interval (0.69–0.92), P < .001, and 0.74, 95% confidence interval (0.65–0.83), P = .002, for the midline angle and for the head-symphysis distance, respectively. Conclusion: Transabdominal and transperineal intrapartum ultrasound parameters can predict the likelihood of spontaneous vaginal delivery in nulliparous women with prolonged second stage of labor.

Prediction of spontaneous vaginal delivery in nulliparous women with a prolonged second stage of labor: the value of intrapartum ultrasound

Masturzo B.;Girlando F.;Attini R.;Menato G.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Background: A limited number of studies have addressed the role of intrapartum ultrasound in the prediction of the mode of delivery in women with prolonged second stage of labor. Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the role of transabdominal and transperineal sonographic findings in the prediction of spontaneous vaginal delivery among nulliparous women with prolonged second stage of labor. Study Design: This was a 2-center prospective study conducted at 2 tertiary maternity units. Nulliparous women with a prolonged active second stage of labor, as defined by active pushing lasting more than 120 minutes, were eligible for inclusion. Transabdominal ultrasound to evaluate the fetal head position and transperineal ultrasound for the measurement of the midline angle, the head-perineum distance, and the head-symphysis distance were performed in between uterine contractions and maternal pushes. At transperineal ultrasound the angle of progression was measured at rest and at the peak of maternal pushing effort. The delta angle of progression was defined as the difference between the angle of progression measured during active pushing at the peak of maternal effort and the angle of progression at rest. The sonographic findings of women who had spontaneous vaginal delivery vs those who required obstetric intervention, either vacuum extraction or cesarean delivery, were evaluated and compared. Results: Overall, 109 were women included. Spontaneous vaginal delivery and obstetric intervention were recorded in 40 (36.7%) and 69 (63.3%) patients, respectively. Spontaneous vaginal delivery was associated with a higher rate of occiput anterior position (90% vs 53.2%, P < .0001), lower head-perineum distance and head-symphysis distance (33.2 ± 7.8 mm vs 40.1 ± 9.5 mm, P = .001, and 13.1 ± 4.6 mm vs 19.5 ± 8.4 mm, P < .001, respectively), narrower midline angle (29.6° ± 15.3° vs 54.2° ± 23.6°, P < .001) and wider angle of progression at the acme of the pushing effort (153.3° ± 19.8° vs 141.8° ± 25.7°, P = .02) and delta-angle of progression (17.3° ± 12.9° vs 12.5° ± 11.0°, P = .04). At logistic regression analysis, only the midline angle and the head-symphysis distance proved to be independent predictors of spontaneous vaginal delivery. More specifically, the area under the curve for the prediction of spontaneous vaginal delivery was 0.80, 95% confidence interval (0.69–0.92), P < .001, and 0.74, 95% confidence interval (0.65–0.83), P = .002, for the midline angle and for the head-symphysis distance, respectively. Conclusion: Transabdominal and transperineal intrapartum ultrasound parameters can predict the likelihood of spontaneous vaginal delivery in nulliparous women with prolonged second stage of labor.
2019
221
6
1
13
angle of progression; cesarean dystocia; fetal head position; fetal head station; head-perineum distance; head-symphysis distance; instrumental delivery; intrapartum care; labor dystocia; midline angle; operative delivery; parturition; prediction; prolonged second stage of labor; second-stage cesarean delivery; transperineal ultrasound; ultrasound in labor; vacuum extraction; Adult; Delivery, Obstetric; Female; Humans; Labor Presentation; Labor Stage, Second; Obstetric Labor Complications; Pregnancy; Prospective Studies; Ultrasonography, Prenatal
Dall'Asta A.; Angeli L.; Masturzo B.; Volpe N.; Schera G.B.L.; Di Pasquo E.; Girlando F.; Attini R.; Menato G.; Frusca T.; Ghi T.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1738180
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