Introduction: Although levodopa/carbidopa intestinal infusion (LCIG) proved a sustained efficacy on Parkinson's disease (PD) motor fluctuations, there is a lack of studies on mortality of LCIG patients. In this study, we aimed at analyzing mortality and its predictors in a cohort of 105 PD patients treated with LCIG for over 10 years. Methods: The death rate, death causes, mortality predictors, and serious adverse events (SAEs) were analyzed. A Cox regression model was used to estimate the influence of several demographic and clinical factors on mortality, and a binary logistic regression to evaluate the association between SAEs number and mortality. Kaplan-Meier and Log-rank test was used for a survival comparison between patients with an early drop-out (within 3 years since LCIG start) and patients continuing LCIG. Results: Ninety-eight advanced PD patients treated with LCIG were included. During follow-up, 34.7% of patients died at a mean age of 74.7 years, with a mean survival time of 4.6 years since LCIG start and 18 years since PD onset. The only predictor of mortality identified was the Mini Mental State Examination score at LCIG start (p:0.034). A total of 222 SAEs occurred in 87.9% of LCIG patients. The number of SAEs did not correlate with the mortality of LCIG patients (p:0.370). No survival difference exists between early drop-out patients and those continuing LCIG (p:0.341). Conclusion: Our findings do not indicate an association between SAEs or LCIG treatment duration and mortality and highlight the importance of cognitive alterations as a mortality predictor of LCIG patients.

Beyond 10 years of levodopa intestinal infusion experience: Analysis of mortality and its predictors

Artusi C. A.;Balestrino R.;Imbalzano G.;Montanaro E.;Tuttobene S.;Zibetti M.;Lopiano L.
2019

Abstract

Introduction: Although levodopa/carbidopa intestinal infusion (LCIG) proved a sustained efficacy on Parkinson's disease (PD) motor fluctuations, there is a lack of studies on mortality of LCIG patients. In this study, we aimed at analyzing mortality and its predictors in a cohort of 105 PD patients treated with LCIG for over 10 years. Methods: The death rate, death causes, mortality predictors, and serious adverse events (SAEs) were analyzed. A Cox regression model was used to estimate the influence of several demographic and clinical factors on mortality, and a binary logistic regression to evaluate the association between SAEs number and mortality. Kaplan-Meier and Log-rank test was used for a survival comparison between patients with an early drop-out (within 3 years since LCIG start) and patients continuing LCIG. Results: Ninety-eight advanced PD patients treated with LCIG were included. During follow-up, 34.7% of patients died at a mean age of 74.7 years, with a mean survival time of 4.6 years since LCIG start and 18 years since PD onset. The only predictor of mortality identified was the Mini Mental State Examination score at LCIG start (p:0.034). A total of 222 SAEs occurred in 87.9% of LCIG patients. The number of SAEs did not correlate with the mortality of LCIG patients (p:0.370). No survival difference exists between early drop-out patients and those continuing LCIG (p:0.341). Conclusion: Our findings do not indicate an association between SAEs or LCIG treatment duration and mortality and highlight the importance of cognitive alterations as a mortality predictor of LCIG patients.
1
7
Advanced therapy; Adverse events; Levodopa/carbidopa intestinal infusion; Mortality; Parkinson's disease
Artusi C.A.; Balestrino R.; Imbalzano G.; Bortolani S.; Montanaro E.; Tuttobene S.; Fabbri M.; Zibetti M.; Lopiano L.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1739218
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact