It has been reported that in the molecular imprinting technique, the use of preformed oligomers instead of functional monomers increases the stability of the non-covalent interactions with the template molecule, providing a sharp gain in terms of binding properties for the resulting imprinted polymer. Based on this theory, we assumed that the delayed addition of template molecules to a polymerization mixture enhances the binding properties of the resulting polymer. To verify this hypothesis, we imprinted several mixtures of 4-vinylpyridine/ethylene dimethacrylate (1:6 mol/mol) in acetonitrile by adding diclofenac progressively later from the beginning of the polymerization process. After polymerization, the binding isotherms of imprinted and non-imprinted materials were measured in acetonitrile by partition equilibrium experiments. Binding data confirm our hypothesis, as imprinted polymers prepared by delayed addition, with delay times of 5 and 10 min, showed higher binding affnity (Keq = 1.37x10^4 L mol-1 and 1.80x10^4 L mol-1) than the polymer obtained in the presence of template at the beginning (Keq = 5.30x10^3 L mol-1). Similarly, an increase in the imprinting factor measured vs. the non-imprinted polymer in the binding selectivity with respect to mefenamic acid was observed. We believe that the delayed addition approach could be useful in prepar imprinted polymers with higher binding anity and increased binding selectivity in cases of diffcult imprinting polymerization

Delayed addition of template molecules enhances the binding properties of diclofenac-imprinted polymers

Laura Anfossi;Simone Cavalera;Fabio Di Nardo;Giulia Spano;Cristina Giovannoli;Claudio Baggiani
2020

Abstract

It has been reported that in the molecular imprinting technique, the use of preformed oligomers instead of functional monomers increases the stability of the non-covalent interactions with the template molecule, providing a sharp gain in terms of binding properties for the resulting imprinted polymer. Based on this theory, we assumed that the delayed addition of template molecules to a polymerization mixture enhances the binding properties of the resulting polymer. To verify this hypothesis, we imprinted several mixtures of 4-vinylpyridine/ethylene dimethacrylate (1:6 mol/mol) in acetonitrile by adding diclofenac progressively later from the beginning of the polymerization process. After polymerization, the binding isotherms of imprinted and non-imprinted materials were measured in acetonitrile by partition equilibrium experiments. Binding data confirm our hypothesis, as imprinted polymers prepared by delayed addition, with delay times of 5 and 10 min, showed higher binding affnity (Keq = 1.37x10^4 L mol-1 and 1.80x10^4 L mol-1) than the polymer obtained in the presence of template at the beginning (Keq = 5.30x10^3 L mol-1). Similarly, an increase in the imprinting factor measured vs. the non-imprinted polymer in the binding selectivity with respect to mefenamic acid was observed. We believe that the delayed addition approach could be useful in prepar imprinted polymers with higher binding anity and increased binding selectivity in cases of diffcult imprinting polymerization
POLYMERS
12
1178
1187
Laura Anfossi; Simone Cavalera; Fabio Di Nardo; Giulia Spano; Cristina Giovannoli; Claudio Baggiani
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1739499
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