Sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is a high value crop and one of the most widely grown vegetables belonging to the Solanaceae family. In addition to commercial varieties and F1 hybrids, a multitude of landraces are grown, whose genetic combination is the result of hundreds of years of random, environmental, and farmer selection. High genetic diversity exists in the landrace gene pool which however has scarcely been studied, thus bounding their cultivation. We re-sequenced four pepper inbred lines, within as many Italian landraces, which representative of as many fruit types: big sized blocky with sunken apex ('Quadrato') and protruding apex or heart shaped ('Cuneo'), elongated ('Corno') and smaller sized sub-spherical ('Tumaticot'). Each genomic sequence was obtained through Illumina platform at coverage ranging from 39 to 44×, and reconstructed at a chromosome scale. About 35.5k genes were predicted in each inbred line, of which 22,017 were shared among them and the reference genome (accession 'CM334'). Distinctive variations in miRNAs, resistance gene analogues (RGAs) and susceptibility genes (S-genes) were detected. A detailed survey of the SNP/Indels occurring in genes affecting fruit size, shape and quality identified the highest frequencies of variation in regulatory regions. Many structural variations were identified as presence/absence variations (PAVs), notably in resistance gene analogues (RGAs) and in the capsanthin/capsorubin synthase (CCS) gene. The large allelic diversity observed in the four inbred lines suggests their potential use as a pre-breeding resource and represents a one-stop resource for C. annuum genomics and a key tool for dissecting the path from sequence variation to phenotype.

Whole genome resequencing of four Italian sweet pepper landraces provides insights on sequence variation in genes of agronomic value

Acquadro, Alberto;Barchi, Lorenzo;Portis, Ezio;Valentino, Danila;Lanteri, Sergio
2020

Abstract

Sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is a high value crop and one of the most widely grown vegetables belonging to the Solanaceae family. In addition to commercial varieties and F1 hybrids, a multitude of landraces are grown, whose genetic combination is the result of hundreds of years of random, environmental, and farmer selection. High genetic diversity exists in the landrace gene pool which however has scarcely been studied, thus bounding their cultivation. We re-sequenced four pepper inbred lines, within as many Italian landraces, which representative of as many fruit types: big sized blocky with sunken apex ('Quadrato') and protruding apex or heart shaped ('Cuneo'), elongated ('Corno') and smaller sized sub-spherical ('Tumaticot'). Each genomic sequence was obtained through Illumina platform at coverage ranging from 39 to 44×, and reconstructed at a chromosome scale. About 35.5k genes were predicted in each inbred line, of which 22,017 were shared among them and the reference genome (accession 'CM334'). Distinctive variations in miRNAs, resistance gene analogues (RGAs) and susceptibility genes (S-genes) were detected. A detailed survey of the SNP/Indels occurring in genes affecting fruit size, shape and quality identified the highest frequencies of variation in regulatory regions. Many structural variations were identified as presence/absence variations (PAVs), notably in resistance gene analogues (RGAs) and in the capsanthin/capsorubin synthase (CCS) gene. The large allelic diversity observed in the four inbred lines suggests their potential use as a pre-breeding resource and represents a one-stop resource for C. annuum genomics and a key tool for dissecting the path from sequence variation to phenotype.
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https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-66053-2
Acquadro, Alberto; Barchi, Lorenzo; Portis, Ezio; Nourdine, Mohamed; Carli, Cristiano; Monge, Simone; Valentino, Danila; Lanteri, Sergio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1741283
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