Background: Kidney allograft resistive index (RI) is prognostic for graft and recipient survivals. Recipient hemodynamics could influence RI. In particular, dialysis arteriovenous fistula (AVF) has been involved in heart function changes, reversible after AVF ligation. Knowledge about AVF and RI is lacking. In this study, we prospectively evaluated RI changes after AVF ligation in kidney transplanted patients. Methods: We enrolled 22 stable transplanted patients. Mean RI was measured before AVF ligation (T0), 18 to 24 h (T1) and 6 months (T6) after surgery; mean blood pressure (mBP), heart rate (HR), serum creatinine (sCr), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 24 h proteinuria (24 h-P), immunosuppressive drug blood levels (IS) and antihypertensive drugs were also recorded. Results: AVF ligation was performed 3.1 years (IQR: 2.1–3.8) after transplantation. Median AVF flow (Qa) was 1868 mL/min (IQR: 1538–2712) and 8 AVF were classified as high flow (Qa ≥ 2 L/min). At baseline, median sCr was 1.32 mg/dL (IQR: 1.04–1.76) and median eGFR was 57.1 mL/min. Median RI was 0.71 at T0, 0.69 at T1, 0.66 at T6. RI reduction at T1 and T6 was statistically significant (p < 0.05 and p < 0.001 respectively); in particular, 90.4% of patients had persistently improved values at T6. Furthermore, mBP increased while HR decreased. These changes were independent from sCr, 24 h-P, IS, antihypertensive drugs number, Qa and AVF type. Conclusions: AVF ligation improves kidney allograft RI; it may reflect better kidney perfusion.

Hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula ligation after renal transplantation: Impact on graft resistive index

Magnetti M.;Leonardi G.;Dolla C.;Tarragoni R.;Abbasciano I.;Fop F.;Tallia C.;Verri A.;Biancone L.
2021

Abstract

Background: Kidney allograft resistive index (RI) is prognostic for graft and recipient survivals. Recipient hemodynamics could influence RI. In particular, dialysis arteriovenous fistula (AVF) has been involved in heart function changes, reversible after AVF ligation. Knowledge about AVF and RI is lacking. In this study, we prospectively evaluated RI changes after AVF ligation in kidney transplanted patients. Methods: We enrolled 22 stable transplanted patients. Mean RI was measured before AVF ligation (T0), 18 to 24 h (T1) and 6 months (T6) after surgery; mean blood pressure (mBP), heart rate (HR), serum creatinine (sCr), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 24 h proteinuria (24 h-P), immunosuppressive drug blood levels (IS) and antihypertensive drugs were also recorded. Results: AVF ligation was performed 3.1 years (IQR: 2.1–3.8) after transplantation. Median AVF flow (Qa) was 1868 mL/min (IQR: 1538–2712) and 8 AVF were classified as high flow (Qa ≥ 2 L/min). At baseline, median sCr was 1.32 mg/dL (IQR: 1.04–1.76) and median eGFR was 57.1 mL/min. Median RI was 0.71 at T0, 0.69 at T1, 0.66 at T6. RI reduction at T1 and T6 was statistically significant (p < 0.05 and p < 0.001 respectively); in particular, 90.4% of patients had persistently improved values at T6. Furthermore, mBP increased while HR decreased. These changes were independent from sCr, 24 h-P, IS, antihypertensive drugs number, Qa and AVF type. Conclusions: AVF ligation improves kidney allograft RI; it may reflect better kidney perfusion.
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Arteriovenous fistula; graft perfusion; renal resistive index; renal transplant
Magnetti M.; Leonardi G.; Guarena C.; Dolla C.; Tarragoni R.; Abbasciano I.; Fop F.; Tallia C.; Giordano F.; Verri A.; Biancone L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1741821
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