Second generation biorefining, namely fermentation processes based on lignocellulosic feedstocks, has attracted tremendous interest (owing to the large availability and low cost of this biomass) as a strategy to produce biofuels and commodity chemicals that is an alternative to oil refining. However, the innate recalcitrance of lignocellulose has slowed progress towards economically viable processes. Consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), i.e. single-step fermentation of lignocellulose may dramatically reduce the current costs of 2nd generation biorefining. Metabolic engineering has been used as a tool to develop improved microbial strains supporting CBP. Clostridium thermocellum is among the most efficient cellulose degraders isolated so far and one of the most promising host organisms for application of CBP. The development of efficient and reliable genetic tools has allowed significant progress in metabolic engineering of this strain aimed at expanding the panel of growth substrates and improving the production of a number of commodity chemicals of industrial interest such as ethanol, butanol, isobutanol, isobutyl acetate and lactic acid. The present review aims to summarize recent developments in metabolic engineering of this organism which currently represents a reference model for the development of biocatalysts for 2nd generation biorefining.

Clostridium thermocellum: a microbial platform for high-value chemical production from lignocellulose

Roberto Mazzoli;
2020

Abstract

Second generation biorefining, namely fermentation processes based on lignocellulosic feedstocks, has attracted tremendous interest (owing to the large availability and low cost of this biomass) as a strategy to produce biofuels and commodity chemicals that is an alternative to oil refining. However, the innate recalcitrance of lignocellulose has slowed progress towards economically viable processes. Consolidated bioprocessing (CBP), i.e. single-step fermentation of lignocellulose may dramatically reduce the current costs of 2nd generation biorefining. Metabolic engineering has been used as a tool to develop improved microbial strains supporting CBP. Clostridium thermocellum is among the most efficient cellulose degraders isolated so far and one of the most promising host organisms for application of CBP. The development of efficient and reliable genetic tools has allowed significant progress in metabolic engineering of this strain aimed at expanding the panel of growth substrates and improving the production of a number of commodity chemicals of industrial interest such as ethanol, butanol, isobutanol, isobutyl acetate and lactic acid. The present review aims to summarize recent developments in metabolic engineering of this organism which currently represents a reference model for the development of biocatalysts for 2nd generation biorefining.
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Ethanol, butanol, isobutanol, biofuel, lactic acid, medium-chain esters, metabolic engineering, cellulose, electron metabolism, biorefinery
Roberto Mazzoli; Daniel G. Olson
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1741844
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