River embankments are linear earth structures, worldwide diffused, commonly used for flood protection. Their integrity and stability are fundamental prerequisites for the protection efficiency they can offer to the increasing frequency and magnitude of extreme flood events associated to changes in climate. Proper characterization and monitoring are essential to verify the construction requirements of newly built structures and to evaluate the durability of aged ones. Considering their linear extent, the characterization requires not only local geotechnical investigations but also the application of efficient and economically affordable methods. This is even more essential when the investigations are performed after, or in foresee of, significant flood events, when these structures get stressed and timing of the surveys is crucial. In these conditions, new survey methodologies, with the use of mobile systems, are a main research topic. In this paper the application of a new electric streamer, specifically designed for these aims, is presented. The technical solutions adopted for its construction are described and its application to the characterization of three different river embankments is presented. These case studies were chosen in accordance with the Po River Interregional Agency (AIPO), which is the authority deputed to the safety of flood protection structures in North-West Italy, along the hydrographic network of the Po River. The selected embankments are all earth structures, constructed above the natural alluvial soils, but are characterized by different conditions and challenges. The results obtained with the new system were comparable to standard Electric Resistivity Tomography (ERT) methods. The new system has significant advantages in terms of reducing the survey time, improving the efficiency of the surveys and increasing the data coverage. This resulted in a better definition of potentially dangerous anomalies.

A new electric streamer for the characterization of river embankments

Comina C.
;
Vagnon F.;
2020

Abstract

River embankments are linear earth structures, worldwide diffused, commonly used for flood protection. Their integrity and stability are fundamental prerequisites for the protection efficiency they can offer to the increasing frequency and magnitude of extreme flood events associated to changes in climate. Proper characterization and monitoring are essential to verify the construction requirements of newly built structures and to evaluate the durability of aged ones. Considering their linear extent, the characterization requires not only local geotechnical investigations but also the application of efficient and economically affordable methods. This is even more essential when the investigations are performed after, or in foresee of, significant flood events, when these structures get stressed and timing of the surveys is crucial. In these conditions, new survey methodologies, with the use of mobile systems, are a main research topic. In this paper the application of a new electric streamer, specifically designed for these aims, is presented. The technical solutions adopted for its construction are described and its application to the characterization of three different river embankments is presented. These case studies were chosen in accordance with the Po River Interregional Agency (AIPO), which is the authority deputed to the safety of flood protection structures in North-West Italy, along the hydrographic network of the Po River. The selected embankments are all earth structures, constructed above the natural alluvial soils, but are characterized by different conditions and challenges. The results obtained with the new system were comparable to standard Electric Resistivity Tomography (ERT) methods. The new system has significant advantages in terms of reducing the survey time, improving the efficiency of the surveys and increasing the data coverage. This resulted in a better definition of potentially dangerous anomalies.
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105770
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10
Electric streamer; ERT; River embankments
Comina C.; Vagnon F.; Arato A.; Fantini F.; Naldi M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1749104
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