Patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) present with clinical features of recurrent thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity and persistently test positive for the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). At least one clinical (vascular thrombosis or pregnancy morbidity) and one lab-based (positive test result for lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin antibodies and/or anti-β2-glycoprotein 1 antibodies) criterion have to be met for a patient to be classified as having APS. Nevertheless, the clinical variety of APS encompasses additional signs and symptoms, potentially affecting any organ, that cannot be explained exclusively by a prothrombotic state. Those manifestations, also known as extra-criteria manifestations, include haematologic (thrombocytopenia and haemolytic anaemia), neurologic (chorea, myelitis and migraine) manifestations as well as the presence of livedo reticularis, nephropathy and valvular heart disease. The growing body of evidence describing the clinical aspect of the syndrome has been paralleled over the years by emerging research interest focusing on the development of novel biomarkers that might improve the diagnostic accuracy for APS when compared to the current aPL tests. This review will focus on the clinical utility of extra-criteria aPL specificities. Besides, the promising role of a new technology using particle based multi-analyte testing that supports aPL panel algorithm testing will be discussed. Diagnostic approaches to difficult cases, including real-world case studies investigating the diagnostic added value of extra criteria aPL, particularly anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin, will also be examined.

Evaluation of novel assays for the detection of autoantibodies in antiphospholipid syndrome

Savino Sciascia
First
;
Massimo Radin;Irene Cecchi;Elena Rubini;Silvia Grazietta Foddai;Simone Baldovino;Roberta Fenoglio;Elisa Menegatti;Dario Roccatello;
2020

Abstract

Patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) present with clinical features of recurrent thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity and persistently test positive for the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). At least one clinical (vascular thrombosis or pregnancy morbidity) and one lab-based (positive test result for lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin antibodies and/or anti-β2-glycoprotein 1 antibodies) criterion have to be met for a patient to be classified as having APS. Nevertheless, the clinical variety of APS encompasses additional signs and symptoms, potentially affecting any organ, that cannot be explained exclusively by a prothrombotic state. Those manifestations, also known as extra-criteria manifestations, include haematologic (thrombocytopenia and haemolytic anaemia), neurologic (chorea, myelitis and migraine) manifestations as well as the presence of livedo reticularis, nephropathy and valvular heart disease. The growing body of evidence describing the clinical aspect of the syndrome has been paralleled over the years by emerging research interest focusing on the development of novel biomarkers that might improve the diagnostic accuracy for APS when compared to the current aPL tests. This review will focus on the clinical utility of extra-criteria aPL specificities. Besides, the promising role of a new technology using particle based multi-analyte testing that supports aPL panel algorithm testing will be discussed. Diagnostic approaches to difficult cases, including real-world case studies investigating the diagnostic added value of extra criteria aPL, particularly anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin, will also be examined.
Online ahead of print.
Online ahead of print.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1568997220302123?via=ihub
Savino Sciascia, Massimo Radin, Carlos Ramirez, Andrea Seaman, Chelsea Bentow, Silvia Casas, Irene Cecchi, Elena Rubini, Silvia Grazietta Foddai, Simone Baldovino, Roberta Fenoglio, Elisa Menegatti, Dario Roccatello, Michael Mahler
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1754544
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