Bacterial cyclic dinucleotides (CDNs) play important roles in regulating biofilm formation, motility and virulence. In eukaryotic cells, theses bacterial CDNs are recognized as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and trigger an innate immune response. We report the photophysical analyses of a novel group of enzymatically synthesized emissive CDN analogues comprised of two families of isomorphic ribonucleotides. The highly favorable photophysical features of the CDN analogues, when compared to their non-emissive natural counterparts, are used to monitor in real time the dinucleotide cyclase-mediated synthesis and phosphodiesterase (PDE)-mediated hydrolysis of homodimeric and mixed CDNs, providing effective means to probe the activities of two classes of bacterial enzymes and insight into their biomolecular recognition and catalytic features.

Enzymatic Syntheses and Applications of Fluorescent Cyclic Dinucleotides

Fin A.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Bacterial cyclic dinucleotides (CDNs) play important roles in regulating biofilm formation, motility and virulence. In eukaryotic cells, theses bacterial CDNs are recognized as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and trigger an innate immune response. We report the photophysical analyses of a novel group of enzymatically synthesized emissive CDN analogues comprised of two families of isomorphic ribonucleotides. The highly favorable photophysical features of the CDN analogues, when compared to their non-emissive natural counterparts, are used to monitor in real time the dinucleotide cyclase-mediated synthesis and phosphodiesterase (PDE)-mediated hydrolysis of homodimeric and mixed CDNs, providing effective means to probe the activities of two classes of bacterial enzymes and insight into their biomolecular recognition and catalytic features.
2020
26
27
6076
6084
cyclic dinucleotides; DncV; enzyme kinetics; fluorescence; rocR; Bacterial Proteins; Dinucleoside Phosphates; Immunity, Innate; Protein Biosynthesis; Vibrio cholerae
Li Y.; Ludford P.T.; Fin A.; Rovira A.R.; Tor Y.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1758324
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