We present an innovative experimental set-up that uses Nitrogen-Vacancy centres in diamonds to measure magnetic fields with the sensitivity of η=68±3nT/Hz at demonstrated (sub)cellular scale. The presented method of magnetic sensing, utilizing a lock-in based ODMR technique for the optical detection of microwave-driven spin resonances induced in NV centers, is characterized by the excellent magnetic sensitivity at such small scale and the full biocompatibility. The cellular scale is obtained using a NV-rich sensing layer of 15 nm thickness along z axis and a focused laser spot of (10×10)μm2 in x-y plane. The biocompatibility derives from an accurate choice of the applied optical power. For this regard, we also report how the magnetic sensitivity changes for different applied laser power and discuss the limits of the sensitivity sustainable with biosystem at such small volume scale. As such, this method offers a whole range of research possibilities for biosciences.

A biocompatible technique for magnetic field sensing at (sub)cellular scale using Nitrogen-Vacancy centers

Bernardi E.;Moreva E.;Traina P.;Petrini G.;Ditalia Tchernij S.;Forneris J.;Pastuovic Z.;Olivero P.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

We present an innovative experimental set-up that uses Nitrogen-Vacancy centres in diamonds to measure magnetic fields with the sensitivity of η=68±3nT/Hz at demonstrated (sub)cellular scale. The presented method of magnetic sensing, utilizing a lock-in based ODMR technique for the optical detection of microwave-driven spin resonances induced in NV centers, is characterized by the excellent magnetic sensitivity at such small scale and the full biocompatibility. The cellular scale is obtained using a NV-rich sensing layer of 15 nm thickness along z axis and a focused laser spot of (10×10)μm2 in x-y plane. The biocompatibility derives from an accurate choice of the applied optical power. For this regard, we also report how the magnetic sensitivity changes for different applied laser power and discuss the limits of the sensitivity sustainable with biosystem at such small volume scale. As such, this method offers a whole range of research possibilities for biosciences.
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https://link.springer.com/article/10.1140/epjqt/s40507-020-00088-2
Magnetic measurements; NV centers; Quantum sensing
Bernardi E.; Moreva E.; Traina P.; Petrini G.; Ditalia Tchernij S.; Forneris J.; Pastuovic Z.; Degiovanni I.P.; Olivero P.; Genovese M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1759781
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