Mango (Mangifera indica L.) quality is strongly influenced by genotype but individuating the most appropriate harvesting time is essential to obtain high quality fruits. In this trial we studied the influences of the ripening stage at harvest (mature-ripe or green-ripe) on quality of ready to eat mango fruits from nine cultivars (Carrie, Keitt, Glenn, Manzanillo, Maya, Rosa, Osteen, Tommy Atkins and Kensington Pride) grown in the Mediterranean subtropical climate through physicochemical, nutraceutical, and sensory analysis. Our results show a large variability among the different observed genotypes and in dependence of the ripening stage at harvest. With the exception of Rosa, mature-ripe fruits are well-colored, sweet and aromatic, and better suited for short supply chains. On the other hand, post-harvest ripened fruits are firmer, frequently (Carrie, Glenn, Keitt, Manzanillo, Maya) possess interesting nutraceutical value and, in the case of Glenn, Maya, Osteen, and Kensington Pride, they can reach market standard quality.

Food quality and nutraceutical value of nine cultivars of mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruits grown in Mediterranean subtropical environment

Mannino G.;
2019

Abstract

Mango (Mangifera indica L.) quality is strongly influenced by genotype but individuating the most appropriate harvesting time is essential to obtain high quality fruits. In this trial we studied the influences of the ripening stage at harvest (mature-ripe or green-ripe) on quality of ready to eat mango fruits from nine cultivars (Carrie, Keitt, Glenn, Manzanillo, Maya, Rosa, Osteen, Tommy Atkins and Kensington Pride) grown in the Mediterranean subtropical climate through physicochemical, nutraceutical, and sensory analysis. Our results show a large variability among the different observed genotypes and in dependence of the ripening stage at harvest. With the exception of Rosa, mature-ripe fruits are well-colored, sweet and aromatic, and better suited for short supply chains. On the other hand, post-harvest ripened fruits are firmer, frequently (Carrie, Glenn, Keitt, Manzanillo, Maya) possess interesting nutraceutical value and, in the case of Glenn, Maya, Osteen, and Kensington Pride, they can reach market standard quality.
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Antioxidant activity; Apigenin (PubChem CID: 5280443); Benzoic acid (PubChem CID: 243); Caffeic acid (PubChem CID: 689043); Ferulic acid (PubChem CID: 445858); Gallic acid (PubChem CID: 370); Mangiferin; Mangiferin (PubChem CID: 5281647); P-coumaric acid (PubChem CID: 637542); Phytochemicals; Sensory profile; Syringic acid (PubChem CID: 10742); Vanillin (PubChem CID: 1183); Adult; Antioxidants; Ascorbic Acid; Carotenoids; Chemical Phenomena; Color; Dietary Supplements; Female; Food Analysis; Fruit; Humans; Male; Mangifera; Mediterranean Region; Phenols; Plant Extracts; Principal Component Analysis; Sicily; Tandem Mass Spectrometry; Taste; Food Quality
Gentile C.; Di Gregorio E.; Di Stefano V.; Mannino G.; Perrone A.; Avellone G.; Sortino G.; Inglese P.; Farina V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1763283
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