Background: Previous studies suggested that patients affected by primary aldosteronism (PA) have impaired quality of life (QOL) compared to the general population, but a direct comparison with patients affected by essential hypertension (EH) has never been performed. The aim of the study was to compare the QOL of patients affected by PA to the QOL of patients affected by EH. Material and methods: We designed a prospective observational study comparing the QOL of patients with PA and carefully matched patients with EH before and after treatment. We recruited 70 patients with PA and 70 patients with EH, matched for age, sex, blood pressure levels and intensity of antihypertensive treatment. We assessed QOL at baseline and after specific treatment for PA or after optimization of medical therapy for patients with EH. Results: Patients with PA displayed impaired QOL compared with the general healthy population, but similar to patients with EH. Both laparoscopic adrenalectomy and treatment with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist allowed an improvement of QOL in patients with PA, that was more pronounced after surgical treatment. Optimization of blood pressure control by implementation of antihypertensive treatment (without MR antagonists) allowed a minimal improvement in only one of eight domains in patients with EH. Conclusions: Patients with PA have impaired QOL, which is likely caused by uncontrolled hypertension and the effects of intensive antihypertensive treatment. Surgical and medical treatment of PA allows a significant improvement of QOL, by amelioration of blood pressure control and, after surgical treatment, by reduction of antihypertensive treatment.

Quality of life in primary aldosteronism: A prospective observational study

Buffolo F.;Burrello J.;Amongero M.;Tetti M.;Pecori A.;Sconfienza E.;Veglio F.;Mulatero P.;Monticone S.
2020

Abstract

Background: Previous studies suggested that patients affected by primary aldosteronism (PA) have impaired quality of life (QOL) compared to the general population, but a direct comparison with patients affected by essential hypertension (EH) has never been performed. The aim of the study was to compare the QOL of patients affected by PA to the QOL of patients affected by EH. Material and methods: We designed a prospective observational study comparing the QOL of patients with PA and carefully matched patients with EH before and after treatment. We recruited 70 patients with PA and 70 patients with EH, matched for age, sex, blood pressure levels and intensity of antihypertensive treatment. We assessed QOL at baseline and after specific treatment for PA or after optimization of medical therapy for patients with EH. Results: Patients with PA displayed impaired QOL compared with the general healthy population, but similar to patients with EH. Both laparoscopic adrenalectomy and treatment with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist allowed an improvement of QOL in patients with PA, that was more pronounced after surgical treatment. Optimization of blood pressure control by implementation of antihypertensive treatment (without MR antagonists) allowed a minimal improvement in only one of eight domains in patients with EH. Conclusions: Patients with PA have impaired QOL, which is likely caused by uncontrolled hypertension and the effects of intensive antihypertensive treatment. Surgical and medical treatment of PA allows a significant improvement of QOL, by amelioration of blood pressure control and, after surgical treatment, by reduction of antihypertensive treatment.
e13419
N/A
adrenalectomy; essential hypertension; mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist; primary aldosteronism; quality of life
Buffolo F.; Cavaglia G.; Burrello J.; Amongero M.; Tetti M.; Pecori A.; Sconfienza E.; Veglio F.; Mulatero P.; Monticone S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1764565
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