OBJECTIVE: Develop a consensus for the nomenclature and definition of adrenal histopathologic features in unilateral primary aldosteronism (PA).CONTEXT: Unilateral PA is the most common surgically-treated form of hypertension. Morphologic examination combined with CYP11B2 (aldosterone synthase) immunostaining reveals diverse histopathologic features of lesions in the resected adrenals.PATIENTS AND METHODS: Surgically removed adrenals (n= 37) from 90 patients operated from 2015 to 2018 in Munich, Germany, were selected to represent the broad histologic spectrum of unilateral PA. Five pathologists (Group 1 from Germany, Italy and Japan) evaluated the histopathology of haematoxylin-eosin and CYP11B2 immunostained sections and a consensus was established to define the identifiable features. The consensus was subsequently used by six additional pathologists (Group 2 from Australia, Brazil, Canada, Japan, UK, USA) for the assessment of all adrenals with disagreement for histopathologic diagnoses among group 1 pathologists.RESULTS: Consensus was achieved to define histopathologic features associated with PA. Use of CYP11B2 immunostaining resulted in a change of the original haematoxylin-eosin morphology-driven diagnosis in 5 (14%) of 37 cases. Using the consensus criteria, group 2 pathologists agreed for the evaluation of 11 of the 12 cases of disagreement among group 1 pathologists.CONCLUSION: The HISTALDO (histopathology of primary aldosteronism) consensus is useful to standardize nomenclature and achieve consistency among pathologists for the histopathologic diagnosis of unilateral PA. CYP11B2 immunohistochemistry should be incorporated into the routine clinical diagnostic workup to localize the likely source of aldosterone production.

International histopathology consensus for unilateral primary aldosteronism

Williams, Tracy Ann;Burrello, Jacopo;Mulatero, Paolo;Castellano, Isabella;Papotti, Mauro;
2021-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Develop a consensus for the nomenclature and definition of adrenal histopathologic features in unilateral primary aldosteronism (PA).CONTEXT: Unilateral PA is the most common surgically-treated form of hypertension. Morphologic examination combined with CYP11B2 (aldosterone synthase) immunostaining reveals diverse histopathologic features of lesions in the resected adrenals.PATIENTS AND METHODS: Surgically removed adrenals (n= 37) from 90 patients operated from 2015 to 2018 in Munich, Germany, were selected to represent the broad histologic spectrum of unilateral PA. Five pathologists (Group 1 from Germany, Italy and Japan) evaluated the histopathology of haematoxylin-eosin and CYP11B2 immunostained sections and a consensus was established to define the identifiable features. The consensus was subsequently used by six additional pathologists (Group 2 from Australia, Brazil, Canada, Japan, UK, USA) for the assessment of all adrenals with disagreement for histopathologic diagnoses among group 1 pathologists.RESULTS: Consensus was achieved to define histopathologic features associated with PA. Use of CYP11B2 immunostaining resulted in a change of the original haematoxylin-eosin morphology-driven diagnosis in 5 (14%) of 37 cases. Using the consensus criteria, group 2 pathologists agreed for the evaluation of 11 of the 12 cases of disagreement among group 1 pathologists.CONCLUSION: The HISTALDO (histopathology of primary aldosteronism) consensus is useful to standardize nomenclature and achieve consistency among pathologists for the histopathologic diagnosis of unilateral PA. CYP11B2 immunohistochemistry should be incorporated into the routine clinical diagnostic workup to localize the likely source of aldosterone production.
2021
106
1
42
54
CYP11B2; Primary aldosteronism; adrenal gland; diagnostic histopathology; immunohistochemistry
Williams, Tracy Ann; Gomez-Sanchez, Celso E; Rainey, William E; Giordano, Thomas J; Lam, Alfred K; Marker, Alison; Mete, Ozgur; Yamazaki, Yuto; Zerbini, Maria Claudia Nogueira; Beuschlein, Felix; Satoh, Fumitoshi; Burrello, Jacopo; Schneider, Holger; Lenders, Jacques W M; Mulatero, Paolo; Castellano, Isabella; Knösel, Thomas; Papotti, Mauro; Saeger, Wolfgang; Sasano, Hironobu; Reincke, Martin
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1764567
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