Background and objectives: Aripiprazole is a first-line agent in the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD) and available data demonstrates its efficacy on clinical symptoms in serotonin reuptake inhibitors-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients. Therefore, aripiprazole augmentation to mood stabilizers could represent a promising treatment in BD patients with comorbid OCD. The study examined the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole added to lithium or valproate for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms in euthymic BD patients with comorbid OCD. Materials and methods: This is a 12-week prospective observational study. The efficacy of aripiprazole on OC symptoms was assessed through the mean change of Yale–Brown Obsessive-Compulsive (YBOCS) total score. Tolerability was assessed with the Utvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser (UKU) side effect scale and by reporting adverse events. Results: A total of 70 patients were included in the analyses. The withdrawal rate was 21.4%, mainly due to adverse events. Mean ± SD final aripiprazole dose was 15.2 ± 5.3 in the completer sample (N = 55). The Y-BOCS mean score decreased from 24.0 ± 4.1 at baseline to 17.1 ± 4.3 at 12 weeks. Treatment response rate (Y-BOCS reduction ≥ 35%) was 41.8%, while partial response rate (Y-BOCS reduction greater than 25% but less than 35% from baseline) accounted for the other 18.2% of patients. Overall, 91.4% of completers had at least 1 adverse effect (tremor, tension/inner unrest, reduced duration of sleep, akathisia). No significant differences emerged comparing aripiprazole efficacy and tolerability between patients treated with lithium or valproate. Conclusion: Our findings show that aripiprazole addition to lithium or valproate can reduce OC symptoms in real-world BD euthymic patients.

Aripiprazole Augmentation to Mood Stabilizers for Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in Bipolar Disorder

Di Salvo, Gabriele
First
;
Maina, Giuseppe
;
Pessina, Enrico;Teobaldi, Elena;Barbaro, Francesca;Martini, Azzurra;Albert, Umberto;Rosso, Gianluca
Last
2021

Abstract

Background and objectives: Aripiprazole is a first-line agent in the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD) and available data demonstrates its efficacy on clinical symptoms in serotonin reuptake inhibitors-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients. Therefore, aripiprazole augmentation to mood stabilizers could represent a promising treatment in BD patients with comorbid OCD. The study examined the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole added to lithium or valproate for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms in euthymic BD patients with comorbid OCD. Materials and methods: This is a 12-week prospective observational study. The efficacy of aripiprazole on OC symptoms was assessed through the mean change of Yale–Brown Obsessive-Compulsive (YBOCS) total score. Tolerability was assessed with the Utvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser (UKU) side effect scale and by reporting adverse events. Results: A total of 70 patients were included in the analyses. The withdrawal rate was 21.4%, mainly due to adverse events. Mean ± SD final aripiprazole dose was 15.2 ± 5.3 in the completer sample (N = 55). The Y-BOCS mean score decreased from 24.0 ± 4.1 at baseline to 17.1 ± 4.3 at 12 weeks. Treatment response rate (Y-BOCS reduction ≥ 35%) was 41.8%, while partial response rate (Y-BOCS reduction greater than 25% but less than 35% from baseline) accounted for the other 18.2% of patients. Overall, 91.4% of completers had at least 1 adverse effect (tremor, tension/inner unrest, reduced duration of sleep, akathisia). No significant differences emerged comparing aripiprazole efficacy and tolerability between patients treated with lithium or valproate. Conclusion: Our findings show that aripiprazole addition to lithium or valproate can reduce OC symptoms in real-world BD euthymic patients.
57
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9
https://www.mdpi.com/1010-660X/57/1/9/htm
Aripiprazole; bipolar disorder; OCD; YBOCS; efficacy; adverse events
Di Salvo, Gabriele; Maina, Giuseppe; Pessina, Enrico; Teobaldi, Elena; Barbaro, Francesca; Martini, Azzurra; Albert, Umberto; Rosso, Gianluca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1765193
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